Robert Farinotti

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This paper presents the current state of knowledge on chloroquine disposition, with special emphasis on stereoselectivity and microsomal metabolism. In addition, the impact of the patient's physiopathological status and ethnic origin on chloroquine pharmacokinetics is discussed. In humans, chloroquine concentrations decline multiexponentially. The drug is(More)
The accumulation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in the brain is a critical hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. This high cerebral Aβ concentration may be partly caused by impaired clearance of Aβ across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP-1) and the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) protein ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein) are(More)
In humans, the antimalarial drug chloroquine (CQ) is metabolized into one major metabolite, N-desethylchloroquine (DCQ). Using human liver microsomes (HLM) and recombinant human cytochrome P450 (P450), we performed studies to identify the P450 isoform(s) involved in the N-desethylation of CQ. In HLM incubated with CQ, only DCQ could be detected. Apparent Km(More)
The pharmacokinetics and protein binding of propofol were studied in ten patients with cirrhosis and in ten control patients undergoing elective surgery. All patients received 2.5 mg.kg-1 propofol as an intravenous bolus injection for the induction of anesthesia. Whole blood propofol concentrations were measured at intervals up to 12 h, using a(More)
1. Two in vivo models, in the rat, were used to investigate, in the presence of different substrates, the overall and net intestinal elimination of ciprofloxacin: an open-intestinal perfusion model and an intestinal loop model respectively. 2. In the presence of quinidine, verapamil and cyclosporin (substrates of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp)), plasma AUCs of(More)
BACKGROUND Few prospective studies are available on the incidence and analysis of the characteristics of adverse cutaneous drug reactions in hospital settings. OBJECTIVES A 6-month prospective study was managed in our hospital among hospitalized patients to: (i) evaluate the incidence of cutaneous allergic reactions from systemic drugs; (ii) study(More)
Zopiclone is a cyclopyrrolone hypnotic agent. It possesses a chiral centre and is commercially available as a racemic mixture. Methods involving high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gas chromatography, capillary electrophoresis (CE) and high performance thin layer chromatography have been developed for the quantitation of zopiclone and its 2 main(More)
Vancomycin penetration into the fluid lining the epithelial surface of the lower respiratory tract was studied by performing fiberoptic bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage on 14 critically ill, ventilated patients who had received the drug for at least 5 days. The apparent volume of epithelial lining fluid (ELF) recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage was(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) plays a major role in drug efflux. All the transported substrates are more or less hydrophobic and amphiphatic in nature. Being lipophilic, Delta(9) tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main cannabis component, could be a potential P-gp substrate. The aim of this project was to determine the contribution of the mdr1a gene product to THC(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of propofol indicate that this may be an appropriate agent for induction and maintenance of anesthesia in obese patients. This study was designed to assess the rates of recovery and the pharmacokinetics of propofol infusions in morbidly obese patients. METHODS Anesthesia was induced and(More)