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In humans, the antimalarial drug chloroquine (CQ) is metabolized into one major metabolite, N-desethylchloroquine (DCQ). Using human liver microsomes (HLM) and recombinant human cytochrome P450 (P450), we performed studies to identify the P450 isoform(s) involved in the N-desethylation of CQ. In HLM incubated with CQ, only DCQ could be detected. Apparent Km(More)
The pharmacokinetics and protein binding of propofol were studied in ten patients with cirrhosis and in ten control patients undergoing elective surgery. All patients received 2.5 mg.kg-1 propofol as an intravenous bolus injection for the induction of anesthesia. Whole blood propofol concentrations were measured at intervals up to 12 h, using a(More)
This paper presents the current state of knowledge on chloroquine disposition, with special emphasis on stereoselectivity and microsomal metabolism. In addition, the impact of the patient's physiopathological status and ethnic origin on chloroquine pharmacokinetics is discussed. In humans, chloroquine concentrations decline multiexponentially. The drug is(More)
We have investigated extrahepatic metabolism of propofol in 10 patients undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation (group 1) (mean age 38 yr, mean weight 60 (SD 7) kg) and compared it with that in 10 patients without liver dysfunction undergoing extrahepatic abdominal surgery (group 2) (mean age 56 yr, mean weight 68 (11) kg). A single i.v. bolus dose of(More)
Zopiclone is a cyclopyrrolone hypnotic agent. It possesses a chiral centre and is commercially available as a racemic mixture. Methods involving high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), gas chromatography, capillary electrophoresis (CE) and high performance thin layer chromatography have been developed for the quantitation of zopiclone and its 2 main(More)
PATIENTS AND METHODS The brain disposition of the enantiomers of the antimalarial mefloquine was studied in two post-mortem human cerebral biopsies after oral administration of the racemic mixture. BACKGROUND Mefloquine (MQ) is an effective antimalarial drug used both for prophylaxis and treatment of chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. MQ is(More)
Drug cerebral pharmacokinetics may be altered in the case of inflammatory diseases. This may be due to a modification of drug transport through the blood-brain barrier, in particular through drug interaction with the membrane efflux transporter, P-glycoprotein. The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of the inflammatory cytokine, tumor(More)
Mefloquine (MQ) is a chiral antimalarial agent effective against chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. It is commercially available as a racemic mixture of the (+) and (-) enantiomers for oral administration. The pharmacokinetics of the (+) and (-) enantiomers of MQ were studied in eight healthy volunteers after administration of a first oral dose of(More)
BACKGROUND Few prospective studies are available on the incidence and analysis of the characteristics of adverse cutaneous drug reactions in hospital settings. OBJECTIVES A 6-month prospective study was managed in our hospital among hospitalized patients to: (i) evaluate the incidence of cutaneous allergic reactions from systemic drugs; (ii) study(More)
Absolute bioavailability of cefpodoxime proxetil is both limited by its low solubility in aqueous solution and its intraluminal hydrolysis. The oil-in-water submicron emulsion was proven to be effective in protecting the prodrug from the enzymatic attack in rabbit intestinal washings. The aim of the study was to perform a pharmacokinetic study in conscious(More)