Robert Farinotti

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We evaluated the integrity and function of the blood-brain barrier in 3xTg-AD mice aged 3-18 months and in APP/PS1 mice aged 8-months to determine the impacts of changes in amyloid and tau proteins on the brain vascular changes. The vascular volume (Vvasc) was sub-normal in 3xTg-AD mice aged from 6 to 18 months, but not in the APP/PS1 mice. The uptakes of(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a neurodegenerative fatal disease. The only drug recognized to increase the survival time is riluzole(RLZ). In animal models, minocycline (MNC) delayed the onset of the disease and increased the survival time (in combination with RLZ). The objective of our work was to study the interactions between RLZ, MNC and the efflux(More)
Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that requires treatment by dopaminergic agonists, which may be responsible for central side effects. We hypothesized that the efflux transporter ABCB1/P-glycoprotein played a role in brain disposition of antiparkinsonian drugs and could control central toxicity. We aimed to evaluate antiparkinsonian drugs(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative fatal disease. Drugs used in this disease need to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Only riluzole is approved for ALS treatment. We have investigated riluzole as a breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) substrate by studying its brain transport in CF1 mdr1a (-/-) mice and its intracellular(More)
The efflux pumps located at the blood-brain barrier (BBB) prevent drugs entering the brain. As such, efflux pumps are a major obstacle to drug brain distribution. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease with little therapeutics available: riluzole is the only drug approved in its treatment. The lack of response to treatment(More)
Efflux proteins have been shown to greatly affect the uptake of antiretroviral drugs by cells and to hamper their access to the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 replication site. This study evaluated the factors that may lead to drug-drug interactions between emtricitabine (FTC), tenofovir (TFV), and efavirenz (EFV), including the modulation of efflux(More)
Prolonged cannabis use has a significant impact on health and well-being. Genetic factors are known to influence cannabis dependence, but few specific genetic markers have been identified. ABCB1 polymorphisms are known to modify drug pharmacokinetics but have yet to be studied for their role in generating and maintaining cannabis dependence. The objective(More)
PURPOSE MPTP-induced dopaminergic degeneration is an experimental model commonly used to explore Parkinson's disease. Cerebral drug transport by ABC transporters in MPTP models has never been reported. METHODS We have investigated the transport of bromocriptine through the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in a MPTP model to understand the influence of the(More)
Aims. To study the influence of P-glycoprotein (P-glycoprotein, ABCB1, MDR1) function on placental transfer of lopinavir with ritonavir at different albumin concentrations. Methods. Cotyledons were perfused with lopinavir, ritonavir, and the internal control antipyrin, at various albumin concentrations (10, 30, 40 g/L). After the control phase of each(More)
Efflux transporters play an important role in the resistance of tumor cells against anticancer agents. Interaction between these transporters, including P-glycoprotein (P-gp), and drugs might influence their pharmacological properties and toxicities. The aim of this study was to investigate whether vandetanib (Caprelsa®), a small tyrosine kinase inhibitor,(More)