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OBJECTIVE To delineate the frequency, course, risk factors, and neuroanatomy of hemispatial neglect in a large stroke cohort. METHODS One thousand two hundred eighty-one patients with acute stroke were enrolled in a multicenter trial of an anticoagulant. Presence and severity of neglect were assessed with the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) neglect item,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and the Trial of Org 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST) stroke subtype as predictors of outcomes at 7 days and 3 months after ischemic stroke. METHODS Using data collected from 1,281 patients enrolled in a clinical trial, subtype of stroke was categorized using(More)
OBJECTIVE Current dietary guidelines recommend adequate intake of magnesium (310-420 mg daily) in order to maintain health and lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. Recent evidence from animal and clinical studies suggests that magnesium may be associated with inflammatory processes. The objective of this study was to determine whether dietary magnesium(More)
PURPOSE Concerns have been raised about whether veterans of the Gulf War have a medical illness of uncertain etiology. We surveyed veterans to look for evidence of an illness that was unique to those deployed to the Persian Gulf and was not seen in comparable military controls. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A population-based sample of veterans (n = 1,896 from 889(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of and risk factors for self-reported symptoms suggestive of multiple chemical sensitivities/idiopathic environmental intolerance (MCS/IEI) in Persian Gulf War (PGW) veterans from Iowa and a comparison group of PGW-era military personnel. METHODS A population-based sample of Iowa military personnel was surveyed using a(More)
All patients (n = 1,745) with nosocomial bloodstream infection identified between 1986 and 1991 at a single 900-bed tertiary care hospital were studied to identify microbiological factors independently associated with mortality due to the infection. Patients were identified by prospective, case-based surveillance and positive blood cultures. Mortality rates(More)
A total of 1,001 consecutive episodes of nosocomial pneumonia in 901 patients was identified by routine surveillance at the University of Virginia Medical Center between 1979 and 1983 (8.6 episodes/1,000 admissions). When only initial episodes were examined, 890 patients comprised the study sample. The overall case fatality rate was 30%. Stepwise logistic(More)
We assessed resistance rates and trends for important antimicrobial-resistant pathogens (oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [ORSA], vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus species [VRE], ceftazidime-resistant Klebsiella species [K-ESBL], and ciprofloxacin-resistant Escherichia coli [QREC]), the frequency of outbreaks of infection with these resistant(More)
We sought to assess quality of life and health-services utilization variables in persons with symptoms suggestive of multiple chemical sensitivity/idiopathic environmental intolerance (MCS/IEI) among military personnel. We conducted a cross-sectional telephone survey of a population-based sample of Persian Gulf War (PGW) veterans from Iowa and a comparison(More)
We analyzed cardiovascular disease mortality risks associated with obesity using participant-level meta-analysis of data from the Black Pooling Project for Black and White individuals. The adjusted relative risks (ARRs) were stronger among White participants than among Black participants for coronary heart disease AAR=1.21 (95% confidence interval(More)