Robert F. Wideman

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A dietary deficiency of Arg may suppress chick immune system functions; however, research evaluating immune function responsiveness of commercial broilers fed dietary Arg levels near NRC (1994) recommendations is sparse. Therefore, three experiments were conducted to evaluate growth and immunity of broilers fed varying Arg levels near NRC (1994)(More)
Broilers from three consecutive hatches were exposed to cool temperatures to amplify the incidence of pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS, ascites). The largest apparently healthy individuals on Day 42 were evaluated using minimally invasive diagnostic indices [percentage saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen, hematocrit (HCT), heart rate, electrocardiogram(More)
The main objectives of this study were to determine a) site-specific defects in the electron transport chain of lung mitochondria of broilers with pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS), b) if these defects are attenuated by high dietary vitamin E, and c) if these defects have a genetic basis. In Experiment 1, lung mitochondria were isolated from broilers(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) syndrome in broilers (also known as ascites syndrome and pulmonary hypertension syndrome) can be attributed to imbalances between cardiac output and the anatomical capacity of the pulmonary vasculature to accommodate ever-increasing rates of blood flow, as well as to an inappropriately elevated tone (degree of(More)
The incidence of pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS; ascites) was evaluated in two experiments using broiler breeder male by-product chicks exposed after 3 wk of age to cool environmental temperatures (10 to 15 C). In Experiment 1, 3- to 6-wk-old birds were fed a grower diet to which 0 (Control), .25, .5, or 1% supplemental L-arginine HCl had been added.(More)
Broilers that survived unilateral pulmonary artery occlusion and lived to maturity comprised the first generation (GEN1) of an ascites-resistant line. Progeny from the GEN1 line previously were shown to tolerate fast growth and cool temperatures with a 50% lower incidence of ascites than chicks from the breeder pullet line serving as the base population for(More)
Bacterial chondronecrosis with osteomyelitis (BCO) is the most common cause of lameness in commercial broilers. Bacteria entering the blood via translocation from the respiratory system or gastrointestinal tract spread hematogenously to the proximal epiphyseal-physeal cartilage of rapidly growing femora and tibiae, causing BCO. We tested the hypothesis that(More)
Fast-growing broiler chickens not uncommonly exhibit elevated pulmonary vascular resistance that leads to pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure. We tested the hypothesis that a distended gastrointestinal tract in these full-fed birds results in an abnormally low tidal volume and minute ventilation that could lead to pulmonary hypoxia,(More)
A trial was conducted to investigate the impact of early feed restriction on ascites induced by cold temperatures and the subsequent effect on the whole body and breast muscle growth of broilers. Two feed restriction regimens were tested, consisting of limiting daily feed intake of the birds to 75% of the ME required for normal growth from either 4 to 11 d(More)
Previously, it was demonstrated that acute (4 min) and chronic (12 d) occlusion of an extrapulmonary primary bronchus triggers pulmonary hypertension but not pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS, ascites) in broilers. The present study was conducted to determine whether a more prolonged period of bronchus occlusion causes PHS similar to that induced by(More)