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We have used a modification of the Berk-Sharp technique to determine that the 5' termini of the mouse 15 S beta-globin precursor and the mature mRNA have identical map coordinates. The modification involves the use of 5' (or 3') terminally labeled probes; it allows the detection of the precursor in the presence of excess mature mRNA.
We investigated transcriptional activity in the region of a gene for a major late protein (10 kilodaltons) of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. This 10K protein gene spans an HindIII cleavage site, with the 5' end of the gene located in the HindIII-Q fragment and the 3' end in the HindIII-P fragment. Northern blot analysis showed that there(More)
Nuclear run-on assays carried out in the presence and absence of the RNA polymerase II inhibitor, alpha-amanitin, were used to determine the exact timing of the switch from inhibitor-sensitive transcription catalysed by host RNA polymerase II, to inhibitor-resistant transcription catalysed by the baculovirus-induced RNA polymerase. These studies revealed(More)
Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus-specific RNA synthesis in isolated nuclei of Spodoptera frugiperda cells in culture was monitored at different times postinfection. Up to 8 h postinfection viral RNA synthesis remained sensitive to 5 mug of alpha-amanitin per ml. During the course of infection this sensitivity decreased, and at 24 h(More)
The nucleotide sequence of a 1587 bp region lying within the HindIII-Q fragment of Autographa californica multiple nucleocapsid nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) DNA has been determined. It begins in the EcoRI-S-EcoRI-X region, continues to the HindIII-P/Q boundary and contains an open reading frame that codes for a polypeptide of 240 amino acids (p26).(More)
p26, an early AcMNPV gene, codes for a 240-amino acid polypeptide of unknown function. Primer extension analysis showed that the p26 transcripts, initiating at three clustered start sites, accumulated between 2 and 12 h post-infection, after which these transcripts declined in quantity. Indirect immunofluorescence studies detected the p26 protein primarily(More)
A genomic clone that specifies a single polypeptide precursor for ricin, a toxic lectin of Ricinus communis (castor bean), was isolated, sequenced and Sl mapped. The gene encodes a 64 kDa precursor which contains, in the following order: a 24 or 35 amino acid signal peptide, the A chain, a 12 amino acid linker peptide, and the B chain. The 5'-end of the(More)
We have developed a genetic screen for temperature-sensitive mutations in the very late transcription apparatus of the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. This method starts with the BacPAKS virus, which has the Escherichia coli lacZ gene under the control of the very late polyhedrin promoter. The desired mutants are temperature-sensitive for(More)
Phospholamban (PLB) is a small hydrophobic protein that regulates contractility in the heart. This membrane protein expressed in bacterial cells is resistant to purification by conventional strategies that have been used to isolate expressed soluble proteins. Therefore, in order to obtain both wild-type and mutant PLB proteins, we have amplified the PLB(More)
To investigate the role of hydrophobic interactions involving methionine side chains in facilitating the productive association between calmodulin (CaM) and the plasma membrane (PM) Ca-ATPase, we have substituted the polar amino acid Gln for Met at multiple positions in both the amino- and carboxyl-terminal domains of CaM. Conformationally sensitive(More)