Robert F. Wallace

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PURPOSE We sought to determine the effects of a communication process that was designed to encourage the use of advanced supportive technology when it is of benefit, but to limit its burdens when it is ineffective. We compared usual care with a proactive, multidisciplinary method of communicating that prospectively identified for patients and families the(More)
INTRODUCTION Exertional heat illness (EHI) is a recurrent problem for both male and female recruits during basic military training. A matched case control study investigated the effects of fitness and conditioning on EHI risk among Marine Corps recruits during 12 wk of basic training at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, SC. METHODS Physical(More)
Previous case reports of haemorrhage into the carpal tunnel causing median nerve compression were extraneural and usually associated with a blood dyscrasia although Watson Jones reported one due to direct trauma and Hayden recorded spontaneous intraneural haemorrhage not associated with trauma. We describe a case of intraneural haemorrhage, involving the(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether cumulative daily average wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index, over one or two preceding days, is a better measure for predicting cases of exertional heat illness (EHI) than current daily average WBGT, which is the standard heat index used by the Marine Corps; and to identify the most accurate index of heat stress to prevent(More)
Previous evidence suggests that severe heat illness may cause permanent acute damage to the heart, kidneys, and liver, which may possibly lead to chronic and even fatal disorders. We investigated whether individuals who had been hospitalized for severe heat illness were at increased risk of cause-specific and total mortality. A cohort mortality study was(More)
Seven gloves were studied worn by eight sedentary subjects (six men and two women) exposed to cold–dry, C–D, (mean dry bulb temperature −17.2∘C; mean dew point temperature ), and cold–wet, C–W, ( 0∘C; ) conditions. Mean endurance times were 75 min for the C–D and 162 min for the C–W conditions. A three-phase response pattern of the temperature in the(More)
PURPOSE Rhabdomyolysis (RM) is a skeletal muscle disorder resulting in severe cellular injury caused by vigorous physical activity and other systemic etiologies. RM is associated with significant morbidity, such as acute renal failure, and can be fatal. RM that occurs in the US Active Duty Army (ADA) results in time lost from training, deployment, and(More)
Ankle and foot injuries (AFI) are a major cause of Active-Duty Army (ADA) soldiers' time lost from training and combat operations. We used the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database to compute the rates of AFI to identify high-risk ADA groups for the years 2000-2006. During this time, 16% of soldiers were clinically seen at least once for an AFI.(More)
Rewarming victims of hypothermia such as divers or immersion victims, participants in winter sports and military operations, and surgical patients on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) may lead to vascular instability, multiorgan failure, shock, and even death. While the causes of these rewarming symptoms are unknown, they may be related to bacterial(More)