OBJECTIVES Elderly widows are three times as likely to live in poverty as older married people. This study investigates the gap in poverty, income, and wealth between these groups. Focus is placed on the role played by out-of-pocket medical expenditures spent on dying spouses. METHODS A national panel survey of people age 70 and older in 1993 was used.… (More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the relation between low birth weight and childhood family and neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and disease onset in adulthood. METHODS Using US nationally representative longitudinal data, we estimated hazard models of the onset of asthma, hypertension, diabetes, and stroke, heart attack, or heart disease. The sample… (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the health and functioning of the Baby Boom generation are better or worse than those of previous cohorts in middle age. METHODS Trend analysis of vital statistics and self-reports from the National Health Interview Survey for the 40-59 population. Specific outcomes (years of data): mortality (1982-2004); poor or fair… (More)
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the National Poverty Center or any sponsoring agency. Jim Ziliak, and two anonymous referees for detailed comments on a previous draft. ABSTRACT Estimates imply that only one-third of elderly persons who… (More)
Notes Numbers in the exhibits and text of this document may not add up to totals because of rounding. Unless otherwise indicated, the years referred to in this document are calendar years. In this document, " elderly " people are those 65 and above. Definitions of the terms used in this report are provided in a glossary. The source for many of those… (More)
OBJECTIVES We addressed three questions: Have recent improvements in old-age disability been mirrored in changes in self-reported general health status? Are general health status trends similar for younger and older Americans? Have changes in general health status been uniform across demographic and socioeconomic groups? METHODS Using logistic regression,… (More)
The opinions and conclusions are solely those of the authors and should not be considered as representing the opinions or policy of the Social Security Administration or any agency of the Federal Government.
The opinions and conclusions are solely those of the authors and should not be considered as representing the opinions or policy of the Social Security Administration or any agency of the Federal Government. Abstract Several categories of medical expenditures are not covered by Medicare, including prescription drugs, most nursing home stays, and extended… (More)