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From the moment of creation to the moment of death, the heart works tirelessly to circulate blood, being a critical organ to sustain life. As a non-stopping pumping machine, it operates continuously to pump blood through our bodies to supply all cells with oxygen and necessary nutrients. When the heart fails, the supplement of blood to the body's organs to(More)
In this paper, firstly, we propose a linear time-variant (LTV) model to estimate the mean pulsatile flow (Q<inf>p</inf>) in an implantable rotary blood pump (RBP). Non-invasive measurement of mean pulse-width modulation (PWM) signal acquired from the pump controller was used as an input to estimate the mean pulsatility index of pump rotational speed(More)
A lumped parameter model of human cardiovascular-implantable rotary blood pump (iRBP) interaction has been developed based on experimental data recorded in two healthy pigs with the iRBP in situ. The model includes descriptions of the left and right heart, direct ventricular interaction through the septum and pericardium, the systemic and pulmonary(More)
An integral component in the development of a control strategy for implantable rotary blood pumps is the task of reliably detecting the occurrence of left ventricular collapse due to overpumping of the native heart. Using the noninvasive pump feedback signal of impeller speed, an approach to distinguish between overpumping (or ventricular collapse) and the(More)
A heart-pump interaction model has been developed based on animal experimental measurements obtained with a rotary blood pump in situ. Five canine experiments were performed to investigate the interaction between the cardiovascular system and the implantable rotary blood pump over a wide range of operating conditions, including variations in cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac damage in coronary artery graft (CABG) surgery is an important contributor to postoperative cardiac dysfunction and delayed hospital discharge. Currently, no simple method exists for its quantification. METHODS In a prospective study of 300 patients having routine CABG surgery, we compared cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations at 6(More)
Implantation of sensors to measure hemodynamic parameters such as pulsatile pump flow and differential pressure (head) in an implantable rotary pump (IRBP) requires regular in situ calibration due to measurement drift. In addition, risks associated with sensor failure and thrombus formation makes the long-term implantation in patients problematic. In our(More)
In this study, we evaluate a preload-based Starling-like controller for implantable rotary blood pumps (IRBPs) using left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (PLVED) as the feedback variable. Simulations are conducted using a validated mathematical model. The controller emulates the response of the natural left ventricle (LV) to changes in PLVED. We report(More)