Robert F. Salamonsen

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A method for the quantitative determination of plasma concentrations of chloral hydrate by electron capture gas chromatography is described. Characterization by multiple ion monitoring confirms, for the first time, that chloral hydrate exists as a transient metabolite of trichloroethylene in man.
The effect of blood hematocrit (HCT) on a noninvasive flow estimation algorithm was examined in a centrifugal implantable rotary blood pump (iRBP) used for ventricular assistance. An average flow estimator, based on three parameters, input electrical power, pump speed, and HCT, was developed. Data were collected in a mock loop under steady flow conditions(More)
Responses of four rotary blood pumps (Incor, Heartmate II, Heartware, and Duraheart) at a single speed setting to changes in preload and afterload were assessed using the human left ventricle as a benchmark for comparison. Data for the rotary pumps were derived from pressure flow relations reported in the literature while the natural heart was characterized(More)
BACKGROUND Allogenic blood transfusion may affect clinical outcomes negatively. Up to 20% of blood transfusions in the United States are associated with cardiac surgery and so strategies to conserve usage are of importance. This study compares administration according to physician's choice based on laboratory coagulation tests with application of a strict(More)
OBJECTIVES To improve the precision of currently available models for predicting length of stay of individual patients in the intensive care unit, to assist in directing patients into fast-track management after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. SETTING ICU in an Australian teaching hospital. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS Prospectively collected(More)
This multicenter study examines in detail the spontaneous increase in pump flow at fixed speed that occurs in exercise. Eight patients implanted with the VentrAssist rotary blood pump were subjected to maximal and submaximal cycle ergometry studies, the latter being completed with patients supine and monitored with right heart catheter and echocardiography.(More)
We describe a three-stage mass spectrometer inlet system suitable for use in operating theatres and evidence of its performance in delay and response times to step changes in oxygen and halothane concentrations. At 55 m and a sampled gas flow of 100mlmin-1, the inlet imposed a delay of 21s and prolonged the 10-90% response to 310ms for oxygen and 510ms for(More)
A lumped parameter model of human cardiovascular-implantable rotary blood pump (iRBP) interaction has been developed based on experimental data recorded in two healthy pigs with the iRBP in situ. The model includes descriptions of the left and right heart, direct ventricular interaction through the septum and pericardium, the systemic and pulmonary(More)
We describe a 40-yr-old woman who received inhaled nitric oxide (NO) as a therapeutic bridge to heart-lung transplantation for end-stage primary pulmonary hypertension. After 10 yr of increasing disability, the patient presented in October 1993 with severe dyspnea, right ventricular angina, and syncope. As predicted by a prior vasodilator trial,(More)
With respect to rotary blood pumps used as left ventricular assist devices (LVADs), it is clinically important to control pump flow to avoid complications associated with over-or under-pumping of the native heart. By employing only the non-invasive observer of instantaneous pump impeller speed to assess flow dynamics, a number of physiologically significant(More)