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The Gestalt law of "good continuation" has been used to describe a variety of phenomena demonstrating the importance of continuity in human perception. In this study, we consider how continuity may be represented by a visual system that filters spatial data using arrays of cells selective for orientation and spatial frequency. Many structures (e.g. fractal(More)
We reevaluate the facilitation at threshold previously reported between aligned micropatterns and assess the role of such lateral spatial interactions in suprathreshold contour integration tasks. Contrary to previous claims, we show that these interactions are phase dependent. Furthermore, they are clearly evident only for foveal viewing, are not evident(More)
We investigated global motion processing in a group of adult amblyopes using a method that allows us to factor out any influence of the known contrast sensitivity deficit. We show that there are independent global motion processing deficits in human amblyopia that are unrelated to the contrast sensitivity deficit, and that are more extensive for(More)
The temporal properties of the foveal visual filters were revealed using a method which is a variant on previously used noise masking paradigms. This enables the temporal properties of the mechanisms underlying threshold detection of a spatio-temporal probe to be measured. In accord with recent suggestions these results support the existence of three(More)
It has been known for some time that both foveal and peripheral visual acuity is higher for single letters than for letters in a row. Early work showed that this was due to the destructive interaction of adjacent contours (termed 'crowding' or contour interaction). It has been assumed to have a neural basis and a number of competing explanations have been(More)
We assessed, in a task where subjects had to detect smooth deviations from circularity, whether the underlying mechanisms were localised in space to the size of the individual perturbations or whether they computed global shape. By manipulating the phase, the number of cycles of modulation and the spatial arrangement of the perturbations we argue that(More)
Masking is said to occur when a mask stimulus interferes with the visibility of a target (test) stimulus. One widely held view of this process supposes interactions between mask and test mechanisms (cross-channel masking), and explicit models (e.g., J. M. Foley, 1994) have proposed that the interactions are inhibitory. Unlike a within-channel model, where(More)