Robert F. Hess

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The Gestalt law of "good continuation" has been used to describe a variety of phenomena demonstrating the importance of continuity in human perception. In this study, we consider how continuity may be represented by a visual system that filters spatial data using arrays of cells selective for orientation and spatial frequency. Many structures (e.g. fractal(More)
The temporal properties of the foveal visual filters were revealed using a method which is a variant on previously used noise masking paradigms. This enables the temporal properties of the mechanisms underlying threshold detection of a spatio-temporal probe to be measured. In accord with recent suggestions these results support the existence of three(More)
We investigated global motion processing in a group of adult amblyopes using a method that allows us to factor out any influence of the known contrast sensitivity deficit. We show that there are independent global motion processing deficits in human amblyopia that are unrelated to the contrast sensitivity deficit, and that are more extensive for(More)
Human foveal vision is subserved initially by groups of spatial, temporal and orientational 'filters', the outputs of which are combined to define perceptual objects. Although a great deal is known about the filtering properties of individual cortical cells, relatively little is known about the nature of this 'linking' process. One recent approach has shown(More)
A neurological patient (L.M.) suffering a specific loss of visual motion perception (Zihl et al., 1983) due to extrastriate cortical damage was studied using random dot "limited-lifetime" stimuli with a direction discrimination task. With a stimulus like that of Newsome and Pare (1988), the patient exhibited a severe deficit for motion perception, only(More)
We reevaluate the facilitation at threshold previously reported between aligned micropatterns and assess the role of such lateral spatial interactions in suprathreshold contour integration tasks. Contrary to previous claims, we show that these interactions are phase dependent. Furthermore, they are clearly evident only for foveal viewing, are not evident(More)
In this study we investigate the nature of the computations that underlie the encoding of spatial position by the human visual system. Specifically, we explore the relationship between alignment accuracy and spatial scale on the one hand, and between alignment accuracy and contrast on the other. We do this for stimuli where local luminance, local contrast,(More)
There have now been numerous reports of a spatial localization deficit in amblyopia but none so far have tackled (1) the relationship between the contrast sensitivity and spatial localization deficits and (2) whether the spatial localization deficit is best described in units of visual angle or in terms of the underlying filter size. These issues are(More)
It has been known for some time that both foveal and peripheral visual acuity is higher for single letters than for letters in a row. Early work showed that this was due to the destructive interaction of adjacent contours (termed 'crowding' or contour interaction). It has been assumed to have a neural basis and a number of competing explanations have been(More)
In this investigation contrast threshold measurements are compared with supra-threshold perception for a group of human amblyopes. The results indicate that human amblyopia involves, in some cases, not only loss of sensitivity but spatial distortion. Thus a new group of amblyopes can now be identified in which only distortion occurs. These results have(More)