Robert F. Graziano

Learn More
The immune modulatory molecule CTLA-4 (CD152), through interactions with the B7 costimulatory molecules, has been shown to be a negative regulator of T cell activation in various murine model systems. Abs that block CTLA-4 function can enhance immune responses that mediate potent antitumor activity. However, CTLA-4 blockade can also exacerbate autoimmune(More)
PURPOSE MDX-060 is a human anti-CD30 immunoglobulin (Ig) G1kappa monoclonal antibody that inhibits growth of CD30-expressing tumor cells in preclinical models. To determine the safety, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and efficacy of MDX-060 in patients with relapsed or refractory CD30+ lymphomas, sequential phase I and II studies were performed. PATIENTS(More)
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of nosocomial antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and recent outbreaks of strains with increased virulence underscore the importance of identifying novel approaches to treat and prevent relapse of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). CDAD pathology is induced by two exotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which(More)
BACKGROUND Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) remains a significant public health concern after the epidemic in 2003. Human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that neutralize SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) could provide protection for exposed individuals. METHODS Transgenic mice with human immunoglobulin genes were immunized with the recombinant(More)
There is a continuing need for alternatives to current human adjuvants. Recombinant protein vaccines, which target antigen to human Fc gamma receptor type I (hFcgammaRI) on hFcgammaRI-expressing antigen presenting cells, provide one potential alternative. Using a recombinant anti-hFcgammaRI-antigen fusion protein and adjuvant independent mouse model, we(More)
This chapter discusses two related methods for creating Fab' x Fab' chemically linked BsAb. Both methods require the generation of purified F(ab')2 fragments of each antibody and use reagents that react with the free thiols generated upon reduction of interheavy chain disulfide bonds of the F(ab')2 fragments. Upon reduction, the resulting Fabs are then(More)
The professional antigen presenting cell (APC) plays an essential role in the initiation and propagation of the acquired immune response. Thus, much work has been done in designing strategies that target vaccine antigen (Ag) to APC. Utilizing recombinant DNA technology, we have created a unique two-component system that delivers biotinylated Ag to the Fc(More)
CD30 is a promising target for antibody-based immunotherapy of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. To overcome the limitations from currently available murine anti-CD30 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), a new fully human anti-CD30 antibody was generated. Binding properties were evaluated by recombinant CD30 capture enzyme-linked(More)
Computed tomography (CT scan) was performed on 58 clinically disease-free ovarian cancer patients. The scans were correlated with the results obtained at a subsequent second-look laparotomy. The sensitivity was 0.47, the specificity 0.87, diagnostic accuracy 0.63, positive predictive value 0.84 and negative 0.53. Undetected microscopic disease was(More)
PURPOSE This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of MDX-1401, a nonfucosylated fully human monoclonal antibody that binds to human CD30, and to determine whether it exhibits greater in vitro and in vivo activity than its parental antibody. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Assays measuring antibody binding to CD30-expressing cells and FcgammaRIIIa (CD16)(More)