Robert F. Graziano

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Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of nosocomial antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and recent outbreaks of strains with increased virulence underscore the importance of identifying novel approaches to treat and prevent relapse of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). CDAD pathology is induced by two exotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which(More)
The human monocyte and macrophage Fc receptor that binds human IgG with high affinity is a surface glycoprotein with a relative molecular mass of approximately 70 kDa. This receptor (Fc gamma RI) has been partially characterized using mAb 32 which binds outside the Fc binding domain of the receptor, but nonetheless triggers Fc receptor-dependent functions.(More)
PURPOSE MDX-210 is a bispecific antibody that binds simultaneously to type I Fc receptors for immunoglobulin G (IgG) (Fc gamma RI) and to the HER-2/neu oncogene protein product. MDX-210 effectively directs Fc gamma RI-positive effector cells such as monocytes and macrophages to phagocytose or kill tumor cells that overexpress HER-2/neu. The goals of this(More)
PURPOSE MDX-060 is a human anti-CD30 immunoglobulin (Ig) G1kappa monoclonal antibody that inhibits growth of CD30-expressing tumor cells in preclinical models. To determine the safety, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and efficacy of MDX-060 in patients with relapsed or refractory CD30+ lymphomas, sequential phase I and II studies were performed. PATIENTS(More)
 A major challenge for using native and modified T cell epitopes to induce or suppress immunity relates to achieving efficient uptake and processing by antigen-presenting cells (APC) in vivo. IgG Fc receptors, which are expressed constitutively by professional APC including monocytes and dendritic cells, have long been known to mediate antigen uptake in a(More)
To show that macrophages can be effectively targeted against malignant B cells, bispecific antibodies (BsAb) were constructed from two antibodies having specificity for the high-affinity Fc receptor for IgG (Fc gamma RI/CD64) and the B-cell differentiation antigens CD19 and CD37. Using a flow cytometry-based assay and confocal imaging, we show that these(More)
The murine mAb 22 (M22) binds to the human high affinity receptor for the Fc portion of IgG (Fc gamma RI). This mAb recognizes an epitope on Fc gamma RI that is distinct from the natural ligand (Fc) binding site, and, therefore, can bind to Fc gamma RI in the presence of saturating levels of IgG found in vivo. Fc gamma RI is expressed only on cytotoxic(More)
There is a continuing need for alternatives to current human adjuvants. Recombinant protein vaccines, which target antigen to human Fc gamma receptor type I (hFcgammaRI) on hFcgammaRI-expressing antigen presenting cells, provide one potential alternative. Using a recombinant anti-hFcgammaRI-antigen fusion protein and adjuvant independent mouse model, we(More)
CD20 Abs induce clinical responses in lymphoma patients, but there are considerable differences between individual patients. In (51)Cr release assays with whole blood as effector source, RAJI cells were effectively killed by a mouse/human chimeric IgG1 construct of CD20 Ab 1F5, whereas ARH-77 proved resistant to killing by this Ab. When whole blood was(More)
BACKGROUND Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) remains a significant public health concern after the epidemic in 2003. Human monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that neutralize SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) could provide protection for exposed individuals. METHODS Transgenic mice with human immunoglobulin genes were immunized with the recombinant(More)