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 A major challenge for using native and modified T cell epitopes to induce or suppress immunity relates to achieving efficient uptake and processing by antigen-presenting cells (APC) in vivo. IgG Fc receptors, which are expressed constitutively by professional APC including monocytes and dendritic cells, have long been known to mediate antigen uptake in a(More)
There is a continuing need for alternatives to current human adjuvants. Recombinant protein vaccines, which target antigen to human Fc gamma receptor type I (hFcgammaRI) on hFcgammaRI-expressing antigen presenting cells, provide one potential alternative. Using a recombinant anti-hFcgammaRI-antigen fusion protein and adjuvant independent mouse model, we(More)
The professional antigen presenting cell (APC) plays an essential role in the initiation and propagation of the acquired immune response. Thus, much work has been done in designing strategies that target vaccine antigen (Ag) to APC. Utilizing recombinant DNA technology, we have created a unique two-component system that delivers biotinylated Ag to the Fc(More)
Computed tomography (CT scan) was performed on 58 clinically disease-free ovarian cancer patients. The scans were correlated with the results obtained at a subsequent second-look laparotomy. The sensitivity was 0.47, the specificity 0.87, diagnostic accuracy 0.63, positive predictive value 0.84 and negative 0.53. Undetected microscopic disease was(More)
We previously described the generation and specificity of H-2-restricted cytolytic lymphocytes (CTL) directed against tumors induced by AKR/Gross murine leukemia viruses (MuLV). Such anti-AKR/Gross virus CTL demonstrated type specificity; only tumors induced by endogenous MuLV that expressed the Gross cell-surface antigen were lysed. These CTL and their(More)
The immune modulatory molecule CTLA-4 (CD152), through interactions with the B7 costimulatory molecules, has been shown to be a negative regulator of T cell activation in various murine model systems. Abs that block CTLA-4 function can enhance immune responses that mediate potent antitumor activity. However, CTLA-4 blockade can also exacerbate autoimmune(More)
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of nosocomial antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and recent outbreaks of strains with increased virulence underscore the importance of identifying novel approaches to treat and prevent relapse of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD). CDAD pathology is induced by two exotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which(More)
PURPOSE MDX-060 is a human anti-CD30 immunoglobulin (Ig) G1kappa monoclonal antibody that inhibits growth of CD30-expressing tumor cells in preclinical models. To determine the safety, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and efficacy of MDX-060 in patients with relapsed or refractory CD30+ lymphomas, sequential phase I and II studies were performed. PATIENTS(More)
CD30 is a promising target for antibody-based immunotherapy of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. To overcome the limitations from currently available murine anti-CD30 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), a new fully human anti-CD30 antibody was generated. Binding properties were evaluated by recombinant CD30 capture enzyme-linked(More)
This chapter discusses two related methods for creating Fab' x Fab' chemically linked BsAb. Both methods require the generation of purified F(ab')2 fragments of each antibody and use reagents that react with the free thiols generated upon reduction of interheavy chain disulfide bonds of the F(ab')2 fragments. Upon reduction, the resulting Fabs are then(More)