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Hidradenitis suppurativa/acne inversa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory, recurrent, debilitating skin disease of the hair follicle that usually presents after puberty with painful, deep-seated, inflamed lesions in the apocrine gland-bearing areas of the body, most commonly the axillae, inguinal and anogenital regions. A mean disease incidence of 6.0 per(More)
Langerhans cells (LCs) constitute a subset of DCs that initiate immune responses in skin. Using leprosy as a model, we investigated whether expression of CD1a and langerin, an LC-specific C-type lectin, imparts a specific functional role to LCs. LC-like DCs and freshly isolated epidermal LCs presented nonpeptide antigens of Mycobacterium leprae to T cell(More)
BACKGROUND Dermatomyositis (DM) is a rare connective tissue disease which has been shown to be associated with an underlying malignancy. OBJECTIVE Evaluation of the prevalence of malignancy in DM at our clinic and search for characteristics of the paraneoplastic form of disease. METHODS Retrospective review of patient files and histology reports over(More)
Although the precise underlying pathomechanisms of psoriasis have not been fully elucidated, previous reports suggest that T helper 1-type cytokines are critically involved in the pathogenesis of this disease. Interleukin-12 (IL-12), a heterodimeric cytokine, has been suggested to play a major role in the development of T helper 1 cell responses. In this(More)
Alteration of the surface glycosylation pattern on malignant cells potentially affects tumor immunity by directly influencing interactions with glycan-binding proteins (lectins) on the surface of immunomodulatory cells. The sialic acid-binding Ig-like lectins Siglec-7 and -9 are MHC class I-independent inhibitory receptors on human NK cells that recognize(More)
The cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen (CLA), recognized by the monoclonal antibody HECA-452, is a cell surface glycoprotein that binds specifically to E-selectin. CLA is present on most T cells at sites of cutaneous immune response and has been shown to be important in lymphocyte homing to the skin. It is expressed only by a minor subset of peripheral(More)
We investigated the T cell population in the afferent lymph and the peripheral blood with regard to expression of activation, adhesion and co-stimulatory molecules and cytokine profile by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. The majority of the lymphoid cell population in the afferent lymph were CD4(+), CD45RO(+) T cells expressing the alpha beta TCR.(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated skin disease, in which interleukins 12 and 23 have been postulated to play a critical role. However, the cellular source of these cytokines in psoriatic lesions are still poorly defined and their relative contribution in inducing skin inflammation has been discussed controversially. OBJECTIVES To(More)