Robert Elgin

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Ortho-methoxyphenylpiperazine (OMPP) and meta-substituted chlorophenylpiperazine (MCPP) blocked conditioned avoidance responding (CAR) in the rat (ED50 values = 5.6 (4.6, 7.3) and 2.4 (1.9, 2.9) mg/kg i.p. (95% confidence limits), respectively) without markedly altering escape responding. Since this test predicts antipsychotic efficacy, the piperazines were(More)
Block of conditioned avoidance responding (CAR) in the rat is a property of all antipsychotic agents. To determine whether cerebral norepinephrine (NE) is crucial for CAR, the effect of depletion of cerebral NE was examined both during acquisition and retention of a CAR task in Sprague-Dawley and Fischer 344 male rats. In examining acquisition of CAR, DSP-4(More)
Generally, antipsychotic agents are dopamine receptor blocking agents that also block conditioned avoidance responding (CAR) in the rat. Recently, however, both (Q-methoxyphenyl)piperazine (OMPP, 1h) and (m-chlorophenyl)piperazine (MCPP, 1o) have been reported to block conditioned avoidance responding in the rat although neither has dopamine receptor(More)
Defra's recent strategy to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (bTB) establishes three spatial zones: high-risk areas (HRAs) and low-risk areas, and an area referred to as 'the edge', which marks the areas where infection is spreading outwards from the HRA. Little is known about farmers in the edge area, their attitudes towards bTB and their farming practices.(More)
Recently, we reported on a series of arylpiperazines 4 which exhibit high affinity for the serotonin 5-HT-1A and 5-HT-1B binding sites. Although these compounds interact weakly with dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptors, they are reasonably potent in inhibiting conditioned avoidance responding (CAR) in the rat, an indication of potential antipsychotic activity.(More)
Behavioral effects of cyclo (Leu-Gly) (cLG), administered either acutely or chronically, were assessed in combination with haloperidol in the rat. cLG administered chronically, produced a significant reduction in the increase in apomorphine-induced stereotypy produced by chronic haloperidol infusion. On the other hand, the same dose of cLG which reduced(More)
UNLABELLED Abstract Background and Purpose: Placement of the fourth arm (4th arm) in the lower quadrant (LQ) is commonly described for robot-assisted renal surgical procedures but has anatomic restrictions and limited ergonomics. An alternative, upper quadrant (UQ) location is desirable, but patient habitus and spacing may restrict robotic attachment. We(More)
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