Robert Eisenberg

Learn More
MRL/1 and BXSB male mice have a systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like disease similar to but more acute than that occurring in NZB X W mice. The common elements of lymphoid hyperplasia, B-cell hyperactivity, autoantibodies, circulating immune complex (IC), complement consumption, IC glomerulonephritis with gp70 deposition, and thymic atrophy were found in(More)
The autosomal recessive lpr and gld genes induce in mice multiple autoantibodies and the progressive accumulation of large numbers of non-malignant CD4- CD8- T lymphocytes. The clinical syndromes and immune abnormalities associated with these two nonallelic genes are nearly identical and are also highly dependent on background genes. MRL/lpr mice are(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the TNF superfamily, is a prominent inducer of proinflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. We previously found that kidney cells display the TWEAK receptor Fn14, and that TWEAK stimulation of mesangial cells and podocytes induces a potent proinflammatory response. Several of the cytokines(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in B cell lineage commitment, regulation of T cell differentiation, TCR signalling, regulation of IFN signalling, and numerous other immunological processes. However, their function in autoimmunity, and specifically in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), remains poorly understood. B6.Sle123 is a spontaneous genetic(More)
A chronic graft-versus-host reaction (GVH) induced in nonautoimmune mice causes a syndrome that closely resembles SLE. In this model, donor T cells react against incompatible host Ia structures and generate excessive help, which activates a subpopulation of self-reactive B cells. We have studied whether these self-reactive B cells are activated by direct(More)
Paired serum and cerebrospinal fluid specimens from 19 patients with SLE and central nervous system dysfunction were studied with respect to cerebrospinal fluid IgG index (a measure of intrathecal IgG synthesis), isoelectric focusing using immunoperoxidase staining techniques to detect oligoclonal IgG, and determination of the cerebrospinal fluid/serum(More)
The subclass distribution of IgG rheumatoid factor (RF) was determined by a sensitive ELISA assay in sera from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and from normal controls. In both instances, the most important subclasses were IgG1 and IgG4. The IgG4 RF was directed against the Fc region of IgG, and recognized human as well as rabbit IgG. Although human IgG4(More)
MRL/lpr mice develop a spontaneous systemic lupus erythematosus-like autoimmune syndrome due to a dysfunctional Fas receptor, with contributions from other less well-defined genetic loci. The removal of B cells by genetic manipulation not only prevents autoantibody formation, but it also results in substantially reduced T cell activation and kidney(More)
"Anticardiolipin" autoantibodies (aCL) bind to anionic phospholipids only in the presence of beta 2-glycoprotein I (beta 2GPI), a phospholipid-binding plasma protein. The exact role of beta 2GPI in the antigenic specificity of these autoantibodies is unclear, however. Experiments were performed to determine whether aCL recognize beta 2GPI in the absence of(More)
Autoimmune disease is influenced by multiple genes. In this study, we investigated the role of one genetic locus, Ig H chain. IgG2a antichromatin, anti-ssDNA, and antihistone autoantibodies (autoAb) from (MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr x C57BL/6-lpr/lpr), (Ighj/b); (C57BL/6-lpr/lpr x C57BL/6-lpr/lpr-Igha), (Ighb/a); and (MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr x MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr-Ighb), (Ighj/b) mice(More)