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MRL/1 and BXSB male mice have a systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-like disease similar to but more acute than that occurring in NZB X W mice. The common elements of lymphoid hyperplasia, B-cell hyperactivity, autoantibodies, circulating immune complex (IC), complement consumption, IC glomerulonephritis with gp70 deposition, and thymic atrophy were found in(More)
The autosomal recessive lpr and gld genes induce in mice multiple autoantibodies and the progressive accumulation of large numbers of non-malignant CD4- CD8- T lymphocytes. The clinical syndromes and immune abnormalities associated with these two nonallelic genes are nearly identical and are also highly dependent on background genes. MRL/lpr mice are(More)
TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of the TNF superfamily, is a prominent inducer of proinflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. We previously found that kidney cells display the TWEAK receptor Fn14, and that TWEAK stimulation of mesangial cells and podocytes induces a potent proinflammatory response. Several of the cytokines(More)
The subclass distribution of IgG rheumatoid factor (RF) was determined by a sensitive ELISA assay in sera from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and from normal controls. In both instances, the most important subclasses were IgG1 and IgG4. The IgG4 RF was directed against the Fc region of IgG, and recognized human as well as rabbit IgG. Although human IgG4(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in B cell lineage commitment, regulation of T cell differentiation, TCR signalling, regulation of IFN signalling, and numerous other immunological processes. However, their function in autoimmunity, and specifically in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), remains poorly understood. B6.Sle123 is a spontaneous genetic(More)
MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr autoimmune mice consistently show an approximately 25% incidence of the systemic lupus erythematosus marker autoantibody anti-Sm. In the present report, we show that the failure to find anti-Sm antibodies in three-quarters of 5-mo-old MRL/lpr mice was not an artifact of an insensitive assay, but rather that the mice fell into two populations(More)
Natural thymocytotoxic autoantibodies (NTA) were found in all mouse strains. Among those strains that show autoimmune syndromes resembling human systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the NZB and NZBxNZW had high levels of NTA, the BXSB had moderate levels, and the MRL/1 and MRL/n had very low levels. In addition, some normal strains had high levels, sometimes(More)
Decay-accelerating factor (DAF, CD55) is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored membrane protein that restricts complement activation on autologous cells. It is also a ligand for CD97, an activation-associated lymphocyte antigen with seven transmembrane domains. It is widely expressed on cells of both the hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic lineages.(More)
Identifying factors associated with B lymphocyte depletion and recovery may aid the development of individualized treatment regimens, optimizing therapy for patients with autoimmune disease. In this study, 12 patients with active SLE were monitored at baseline and monthly following treatment with rituximab. The number and phenotype of peripheral blood B(More)
Autoimmune disease is influenced by multiple genes. In this study, we investigated the role of one genetic locus, Ig H chain. IgG2a antichromatin, anti-ssDNA, and antihistone autoantibodies (autoAb) from (MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr x C57BL/6-lpr/lpr), (Ighj/b); (C57BL/6-lpr/lpr x C57BL/6-lpr/lpr-Igha), (Ighb/a); and (MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr x MRL/Mp-lpr/lpr-Ighb), (Ighj/b) mice(More)