Robert E. Whitmoyer

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Root surface colonization by Azospirillum brasilense Cd of tomato, pepper and cotton plants under normal growth conditions and soybean plants under normal and water-stress conditions was monitored by scanning electron microscopy and bacterial counts. A. brasilense Cd was capable of efficiently colonizing the elongation and roothair zones of all four plant(More)
The capacity of Azospirillum brasilense to enhance the accumulation of K, P, Ca, Mg, S, Na, Mn, Fe, B, Cu, and Zn in inoculated wheat and soybean plants was evaluated by using two different analytical methods with five A. brasilense strains originating from four distinct geographical regions. A Pseudomonas isolate from the rhizosphere of Zea mays seedlings(More)
Plasmids in 39 strains of Erwinia stewartii were examined by agarose gel electrophoresis. Most virulent strains had from 11 to 13 plasmids ranging in molecular mass from 2.8 to 210 megadaltons and contained plasmids of 210, 70, 49, 43, 29.5, 16.8, 8.8, and 2.8 megadaltons. Plasmids in strains SW2 and SS104 were characterized by both electron microscopy and(More)
Three experiments evaluated the effects of dietary Se and vitamin E on the ultrastructure of spermatozoa, ATP concentration of spermatozoa, and the effects of adding sodium selenite to semen extenders on subsequent sperm motility. The experiment was a 2 x 2 arrangement of treatments in a randomized complete block design. A total of 10 mature boars were fed(More)
The effect of age, weaning and postweaning diet on small intestinal growth and morphology were investigated in young swine. Small intestine weight and villus height, measured at the midpoint of the small intestine (i.e., jejunum), were determined in suckling and weaned pigs. Scanning electron microscopy was performed on jejunal specimens from suckling pigs(More)
A rotavirus-like virus (RVLV) was isolated from a diarrheic pig from an Ohio swine herd. This virus infected villous enterocytes throughout the small intestine of gnotobiotic pigs and induced an acute, transitory diarrhea. Complete virions were rarely observed in the intestinal contents of infected animals; the predominant particle detected by immune(More)
Certain strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum form a previously unknown polysaccharide in the root nodules of soybean plants (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). The polysaccharide accumulates inside of the symbiosome membrane-the plant-derived membrane enclosing the bacteroids. In older nodules (60 days after planting), the polysaccharide occupies most of the(More)
The temporal and spatial distribution and relative concentration of the proteoglycan glycosaminoglycan component were studied during the progression of atherosclerosis in the systemic arteries of Japanese quail selected for cholesterol induced atherosclerosis (CIA). The CIA quail were placed on either control or 0.5% added cholesterol diets at 3 months of(More)
The distribution and development of raphide cry8tal cells in nodulated leaves of Psychotria punctata were studied by light and electron microscopy. Crystal cells in the leaf are oriented in various ways depending on whether they occur in the spongy or palisade parenchyma. Crystals are never found within the bacterial nodules and are not concentrated around(More)
Inoculation and incubation of wild type Azospirillum brasilense Cd (agg+) in pure quartz sand resulted in cell attachment to sand particles by a network made up of various sizes and shapes of fibrillar material. Inoculation of sand with an aggregate-deficient mutant of strain Cd (agg−) resulted in no detectable fibrillar formation. Initial attachment ratio(More)