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Histamine exerts its numerous physiological functions through interaction with G protein-coupled receptors. Three such receptors have been defined at both the pharmacological and molecular level, while pharmacological evidence hints at the existence of further subtypes. We report here the cloning and characterization of a fourth histamine receptor subtype.(More)
We have characterized desloratadine (5H-benzo[5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridine, 8-chloro-6,11-dihydro-11-(4-piperidinylidene), CAS 100643-71-8) as a potent antagonist of the human histamine H(1) receptor. [3H]Desloratadine bound to membranes expressing the recombinant human histamine H(1) receptor in Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-H(1)) in a specific and(More)
The H3-histamine receptor provides feedback inhibition of histamine synthesis and release as well as inhibition of other neurotransmitter release. We have characterized this receptor by radioligand binding studies with the H3 agonist N alpha-[3H]methylhistamine ([3H]NAMHA). The results of [3H]NAMHA saturation binding and NAMHA inhibition of [3H]NAMHA(More)
Pertussis toxin catalyzes the transfer of ADP-ribose from NAD to the guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins Gi, Go, and transducin. Based on a partial amino acid sequence for a tryptic peptide of ADP-ribosylated transducin, asparagine had been characterized as the site of pertussis toxin-catalyzed ADP-ribosylation. Subsequently, cDNA data for the(More)
Turkey erythrocytes contain NAD:arginine mono-ADP-ribosyltransferases which, like cholera toxin and Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin, catalyze the transfer of ADP-ribose from NAD to proteins, to arginine and other low molecular weight guanidino compounds, and to water. Two such ADP-ribosyltransferases, A and B, have been purified from turkey(More)
The H3 histamine receptor is a high-affinity receptor reported to mediate inhibition of CNS histidine decarboxylase activity and depolarization-induced histamine release. We have used (R)-alpha-[3H]methylhistamine, a specific, high-affinity agonist, to characterize ligand binding to this receptor. Saturation binding studies with rat brain membranes(More)
BACKGROUND A significant number of chronic pain patients may use marijuana. Physicians treating those patients can benefit by knowing whether their patients using marijuana are at higher risk for using other illicit drugs such as cocaine and/or methamphetamine. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine whether marijuana-using chronic pain patients have a(More)
We present the pharmacological and pharmacokinetic profiles of a novel histamine H3 receptor antagonist, N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-N'-[[4-(1H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl)phenyl]-methyl]-urea (SCH 79687). The H3-receptor binding Ki values for SCH 79687 were 1.9 and 13 nM in the rat and guinea pig (GP), respectively. The Ki values for SCH 79687 at histamine H1 and H2(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine are potent bronchospastic agents and possess additional properties such as induction of vasopermeability and activation of inflammatory cells that are consistent with their ability to mediate allergic and inflammatory responses. From a structural series with anticipated antihistamine activity, Sch 37370(More)
Radioligand binding studies disclosed one class of high affinity atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) receptors on human fibroblast membranes (Kd = 66 pM; maximum number of binding sites [Bmax] = 7,000 sites/cell). ANF increased cellular cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) content and suppressed isoproterenol- and PGE1-elevated, but not basal, cAMP content.(More)