Robert E. Tigelaar

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B cells, αβ T cells and γδ T cells are conserved lymphocyte subtypes encoding their antigen receptors from somatically rearranged genes. αβ T cells undergo positive selection in the thymus by engagement of their T cell receptors (TCRs) with self-peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex molecules. The molecules that select γδ T cells are(More)
Upregulation of the inducible gene products MICA (human) and Rae-1 (mouse) may promote tumor surveillance and autoimmunity by engaging the activating receptor NKG2D on natural killer (NK) cells and T cells. Nevertheless, sustained expression of MICA by tumors can also elicit NKG2D downregulation, perhaps indicating 'immunoevasion'. Investigating this(More)
The localization of gammadelta T cells within epithelia suggests that these cells may contribute to the down-regulation of epithelial malignancies. We report that mice lacking gammadelta cells are highly susceptible to multiple regimens of cutaneous carcinogenesis. After exposure to carcinogens, skin cells expressed Rae-1 and H60, major histocompatibility(More)
Th2 responses are clearly involved in the pathogenesis of atopic disease. Thus, understanding the factors responsible for Th2 sensitization at sites of allergen exposure, such as airway and skin, is crucial for directing therapeutic or preventive strategies. Contrary to other models of Th2 sensitization to proteins, we have reported that Th2 responses(More)
Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are prevalent, potent carcinogens, and 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) is a model PAH widely used to study tumorigenesis. Mice lacking Langerhans cells (LCs), a signatory epidermal dendritic cell (DC), are protected from cutaneous chemical carcinogenesis, independent of T cell immunity. Investigation of the underlying(More)
αβ T-cell repertoire selection is mediated by peptide-MHC complexes presented by thymic epithelial or myeloid cells, and by lipid-CD1 complexes expressed by thymocytes. γδ T-cell repertoire selection, by contrast, is largely unresolved. Mice mutant for Skint-1, a unique Ig superfamily gene, do not develop canonical Vγ5Vδ1(+) dendritic epidermal T cells.(More)
T cells bearing gamma delta antigen receptors constitute minor populations in most peripheral lymphoid tissues but represent the major populations of T cells in certain epithelia, including the epidermis. We show that murine dendritic epidermal cell (dEC) clones express V gamma and V delta gene segments, which are rare in adult T cells but predominate in(More)
Intraepithelial lymphocytes constitute a group of T cells that express mainly monospecific or oligoclonal T cell receptors (TCRs). Like adaptive TCR alphabeta+ T cells, intraepithelial lymphocytes, a subset enriched in TCR gammadelta+ T cells, are proposed to be positively selected by thymically expressed self agonists, yet no direct evidence for this(More)
The V gamma 6/V delta 1(+) cells, the second murine gamma delta T cell subset to arise in the thymus, express a nearly invariant T cell receptor (TCR), colonize select tissues, and expand preferentially in other tissues during inflammation. These cells are thought to help in regulating the inflammatory response. Until now, V gamma 6/V delta 1(+) cells have(More)
Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) is widely used to treat cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, graft-versus-host disease, and allografted organ rejection. Its clinical and experimental efficacy in cancer immunotherapy and autoreactive disorders suggests a novel mechanism. This study reveals that ECP induces a high percentage of processed monocytes to enter the(More)