Robert E Sullivan

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The frequency of rhythmic burst activity of the isolated lobster cardiac ganglion is increased by exogenously applied acetylcholine and muscarinic agonists. Responses of individual motor neurons isolated from the ganglion by transection consist of a slow depolarization and repetitive bursting. The pharmacological profile of the receptors mediating this(More)
The neuropeptide proctolin has distinguishable excitatory effects upon premotor cells and motorneurons of Homarus cardiac ganglion. Proctolin's excitation of the small, premotor, posterior cells is rapid in onset (5-10 s) and readily reversible (less than 3 min). Prolonged bursts in small cells often produce a "doublet" ganglionic burst mode via(More)
The neuropeptide proctolin has excitatory effects on the isolated lobster cardiac ganglion. Selective application to the anterior cell body region produces a dose-dependent (10(-8)--10(-5) M) prolonged depolarization of large anterior cells as well as marked increases in burst frequency and/or duration. In ganglia which have been silenced with tetrodotoxin,(More)
The pentapeptide proctolin increases the amplitude of contraction but not heart beat frequency of the isolated heart of Limulus polyphemus. It acts directly on the heart muscle and has no effects on the neurones of the cardiac ganglion or on the cardiac neuromuscular EJPs. A peptide with molecular weight, enzymatic susceptibilities and physiological effects(More)
Proctolin is a pentapeptide (arg-tyr-leu-pro-thr) found in nervous tissues throughout the phylum Arthropoda. Initially described as a peptidergic neuromuscular transmitter, it now appears that proctolin is a major arthropod neurohormone modulating nervous activity, muscle tonus and contractile force. Structure-function studies with synthetic analogues(More)
This study was designed to examine the effects of continuous exposure to low levels of nitrous oxide on several behavioral paradigms and the occipital cortex cells of mice. Different groups of mice were exposed to air or two different levels of nitrous oxide (1000 ppm or 2000 ppm) 8 hr/day for eight consecutive days. The exposure to nitrous oxide was(More)
  • D Kondoleon, Mills College, +66 authors Frank
  • 2002
For all the attention devoted to the California energy crisis, the challenge restructuring posed to the reliability of the electricity generation, transmission, and distribution system has largely been overlooked. Reliability is often taken for granted even though an uninterrupted power supply, the fundamental precondition of the energy market, depends on(More)
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