Robert E Rosenthal

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Mitochondrial degradation is implicated in the irreversible cell damage that can occur during cerebral ischemia and reperfusion. In this study, the effects of 10 min of ventricular fibrillation and 100 min of spontaneous circulation on brain mitochondrial function was studied in dogs in the absence and presence of pretreatment with the Ca2+ antagonist(More)
Caspase-9 is critical for cytochrome c (cyto-c)-dependent apoptosis and normal brain development. We determined that this apical protease in the cyto-c pathway for apoptosis resides inside mitochondria in several types of cells, including cardiomyocytes and many neurons. Caspase-9 is released from isolated mitochondria on treatment with Ca2+ or Bax, stimuli(More)
The mammalian pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme complex (greater than 7 million Daltons) that catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate to form acetyl CoA, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (the reduced form, NADH), and CO(2). This reaction constitutes the bridge between anaerobic and aerobic cerebral energy(More)
Mitochondria are both targets and sources of oxidative stress. This dual relationship is particularly evident in experimental paradigms modeling ischemic brain injury. One mitochondrial metabolic enzyme that is particularly sensitive to oxidative inactivation is pyruvate dehydrogenase. This reaction is extremely important in the adult CNS that relies very(More)
Postischemic, mitochondrial respiratory impairment can contribute to prolonged intracellular lactic acidosis, secondary tissue deenergization, and neuronal cell death. Specifically, reperfusion-dependent inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) may determine the degree to which glucose is metabolized aerobically vs. anaerobically. In this study, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Increasing evidence that oxidative stress contributes to delayed neuronal death after global cerebral ischemia has led to reconsideration of the prolonged use of 100% ventilatory O2 following resuscitation from cardiac arrest. This study determined the temporal course of oxidation of brain fatty acyl groups in a clinically relevant(More)
Cannabidiol and other cannabinoids were examined as neuroprotectants in rat cortical neuron cultures exposed to toxic levels of the neurotransmitter, glutamate. The psychotropic cannabinoid receptor agonist delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol, (a non-psychoactive constituent of marijuana), both reduced NMDA, AMPA and kainate receptor mediated(More)
OBJECTIVE Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) reduces cerebral infarct size after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats through an unknown mechanism. In other forms of injury, cellular protection with HBO is associated with diminished infiltration of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). We hypothesized that HBO given prior to or after MCAO reduces PMN(More)
The effects of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion on phosphorylation of microtubule-associated tau proteins were assessed in a canine model of cardiac arrest. As tau proteins are phosphorylated by kinases involved in different transduction signal pathways, their phosphorylation state is an excellent marker of neuronal homeostasis and microtubule dynamics. Canine(More)
Chronic impairment of aerobic energy metabolism accompanies global cerebral ischemia and reperfusion and likely contributes to delayed neuronal cell death. Reperfusion-dependent inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) enzyme activity has been described and proposed to be at least partially responsible for this metabolic abnormality. This study(More)