Robert E O'neill

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BACKGROUND Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MnB) is a leading cause of invasive meningococcal disease in adolescents and young adults. A recombinant factor H binding protein (fHBP) vaccine (Trumenba(®); bivalent rLP2086) was recently approved in the United States in individuals aged 10-25 years. Immunogenicity and safety of 2- or 3-dose schedules of(More)
BACKGROUND Live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV; FluMist) is a trivalent vaccine containing cold-adapted influenza vaccine viruses that infect and replicate in cells lining the nasopharynx to induce immunity. Recovery of viruses (shedding) is measured by culture of nasal specimens. Shedding of vaccine viruses is not equated with transmission because(More)
KEY POINTS Concomitant administration of bivalent rLP2086 (Trumenba [Pfizer, Inc] and diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis and inactivated poliovirus vaccine (DTaP/IPV) was immunologically noninferior to DTaP/IPV and saline and was safe and well tolerated. Bivalent rLP2086 elicited robust and broad bactericidal antibody responses to diverse(More)
BACKGROUND This study in healthy adolescents (11 to <18 years) evaluated coadministration of quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV-4), with bivalent rLP2086, a meningococcal serogroup B (MnB) vaccine. METHODS Subjects received bivalent rLP2086 + HPV-4, bivalent rLP2086 + saline or saline + HPV-4 at 0, 2 and 6 months. Immune responses to HPV-4(More)
BACKGROUND The bivalent rLP2086 vaccine is approved in the United States to prevent meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (MnB) in individuals aged 10-25 years. The immunogenicity and safety of bivalent rLP2086 were evaluated in microbiologists 24-62 years old who handle MnB. METHODS Seven subjects vaccinated at 0, 2, and 6(More)
BACKGROUND Bivalent rLP2086, targeting meningococcal serogroup B, will extend prevention of meningococcal disease beyond that provided by quadrivalent serogroup ACWY vaccines; coadministration with recommended vaccines may improve adherence to vaccine schedules. This phase 2, randomized, active-controlled, observer-blinded study assessed whether immune(More)
Widespread use of a live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in the United States (licensed as FluMist) raises the possibility that vaccine viruses will contribute gene segments to the type A influenza virus gene pool. Progeny viruses possessing new genotypes might arise from genetic reassortment between circulating wild-type (wt) and vaccine strains, but(More)
The genetic and phenotypic stability of viruses isolated from young children following intranasal administration of the trivalent live-attenuated influenza virus vaccine (LAIV, marketed in the United States as FluMist) was evaluated by determination of genomic sequence and assessment of the cold-adapted (ca), temperature-sensitive (ts) and attenuated (att)(More)
BACKGROUND Bivalent rLP2086 (Trumenba), 1 of 2 meningococcal serogroup B (MnB) vaccines recently approved in the United States for the prevention of MnB disease in individuals 10-25 years of age, is composed of 2 lipidated factor H binding proteins from subfamilies A and B. This study evaluated the breadth of MnB strain coverage elicited by bivalent rLP2086(More)
FluMist is a live-attenuated, trivalent influenza vaccine (LAIV) recently approved for intranasal administration. To demonstrate genetic stability during manufacture of the vaccine viruses in LAIV and a similar vaccine in development (CAIV-T), full genome consensus sequences were determined at multiple manufacturing stages for four influenza type A and five(More)