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We develop a Bayesian " sum-of-trees " model, named BART, where each tree is constrained by a prior to be a weak learner. Fitting and inference are accomplished via an iterative backfitting MCMC algorithm. This model is motivated by ensemble methods in general, and boosting algorithms in particular. Like boosting, each weak learner (i.e., each weak tree)… (More)

When simple parametric models such as linear regression fail to adequately approximate a relationship across an entire set of data, an alternative may be to consider a partition of the data, and then use a separate simple model within each subset of the partition. Such an alternative is provided by a treed model which uses a binary tree to identify such a… (More)

The Bayesian CART (classiication and regression tree) approach proposed by Chipman, George and McCulloch (1998) entails putting a prior distribution on the set of all CART models and then using stochastic search to select a model. The main thrust of this paper is to propose a new class of hierarchical priors which enhance the potential of this Bayesian… (More)

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