Robert E. Lenkinski

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Recently, high resolution 3 Tesla (T) Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) of the prostate has emerged as a promising modality for detecting prostate cancer (CaP). Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) schemes for DCE-MRI data have thus far been primarily developed for breast cancer and typically involve model fitting of dynamic intensity changes as a function(More)
Mapping the spatial disease extent in a certain anatomical organ/tissue from histology images to radiological images is important in defining the disease signature in the radiological images. One such scenario is in the context of men with prostate cancer who have had pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before radical prostatectomy. For these(More)
Few studies have described the metabolic substrates underlying neuropsychological performance in HIV infection or examined the specificity of these relationships. The authors performed magnetic resonance spectroscopic and neuropsychological evaluations on 61 patients with AIDS dementia complex (stages 1-3) and 39 HIV-positive neurologically asymptomatic(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate the technical feasibility and reliability of a multi-center study characterizing regional levels of the brain metabolite ratios choline (Cho)/creatine (Cr) and myoinositol (MI)/Cr, markers of glial cell activity, and N-acetyl aspartate (NAA)/Cr, a marker of mature neurons, in subjects with AIDS dementia complex (ADC). MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to lead is known to have adverse effects on cognition in several different populations. Little is known about the underlying structural and functional correlates of such exposure in humans. OBJECTIVES We assessed the association between cumulative exposure to lead and levels of different brain metabolite ratios in vivo using magnetic(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic visceral pain is frequent, extremely debilitating, and generally resistant to pharmacological treatment. It has been shown that chronic visceral inflammation, through altered afferent visceral sensory input, leads to plastic changes in the central nervous system that ultimately sustain pain. Therefore approaches aiming at(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate techniques for anatomical and physiological imaging of the intracranial optic nerve (ON), optic chiasm (OC), and optic tract (OT) at 3T with the aim of visualizing axonal damage in multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Imaging was performed on a 3T scanner employing a custom-designed head coil that consisted of a coil array(More)
Different imaging modalities or protocols of a single patient may convey different types of information regarding a disease for the same anatomical organ/tissue. On the other hand, multi-modal/multi-protocol medical images from several different patients can also provide spatial statistics of the disease occurrence, which in turn can greatly aid in disease(More)
PURPOSE To develop a fully automated algorithm for combining multivoxel magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) data acquired with a phased-array coil. MATERIALS AND METHODS The frequency-domain fitting method of LCModel (Provencher SW, Magn Reson Med 1993;30:672-679) was utilized to analyze the individual data sets. The phase corrections and the metabolite(More)