Robert E Kilkuskie

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Betulinic acid [1] and platanic acid [2], isolated from the leaves of Syzigium claviforum, were found to be inhibitors of HIV replication in H9 lymphocyte cells. Evaluation of anti-HIV activity with eight derivatives of 1 revealed that dihydrobetulinic acid [3] was also a potent inhibitor of HIV replication. The C-3 hydroxy group and C-17 carboxylic acid(More)
Nine tannins, including gallo- and ellagitannins, were evaluated as potential inhibitors of HIV replication. 1,3,4-Tri-O-galloylquinic acid [1], 3,5-di-O-galloyl-shikimic acid [2], 3,4,5-tri-O-galloylshikimic acid [3], punicalin [6], and punicalagin [7] inhibited HIV replication in infected H9 lymphocytes with little cytotoxicity. Two compounds, punicalin(More)
An active anti-HIV principle, acacetin-7-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside, has been isolated from Chrysanthemum morifolium. Seven additional flavonoids isolated from this plant, 13 known related flavonoids, and 14 synthetic flavonoids were also evaluated as inhibitors of HIV replication in H9 cells. A known flavone, chrysin, was found to be the most promising(More)
A new kaurane-type diterpene lactone, tripterifordin [1], has been isolated from the roots of Tripterygium wilfordii. The structure of 1 was elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including the concerted application of a number of 2D nmr techniques that involved the 1H-1H COSY, heteronucleus-detected variants of the heteronuclear chemical shift correlation(More)
In the presence of NADPH and O2, NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase was found to activate Fe(III)-bleomycin A2 for DNA strand scission. Consistent with observations made previously when cccDNA was incubated in the presence of bleomycin and Fe(II) + O2 or Fe(III) + C6H5IO, degradation of DNA by NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase activated Fe(III)-bleomycin A2(More)
Growth inhibition and cell killing by bleomycin are believed to be related to the ability of this antibiotic to cleave chromosomal DNA. Because bleomycin has an intracellular site of action, its ability to cross biological membranes must be critical to its overall effectiveness as an antitumor agent. The local anesthetic dibucaine acts to enhance membrane(More)
A series of colchicine and isocolchicine derivatives were evaluated as inhibitors of HIV replication in H9 lymphocytes. Colchicine showed only very slight inhibition in the absence of toxicity, as measured by the therapeutic index (IC50/EC50). None of the derivatives inhibited HIV replication in the absence of toxicity.
A novel series of nonnucleoside HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors were prepared from (2Z)-2-(benzoylamino)-3-(5-phenyl-2-furyl)acrylic acid, a high throughput screening lead. SAR studies combined with structure based drug design focusing on the southern heterobiaryl region of the template led to the synthesis of several potent and orally bioavailable lead(More)
A novel series of non-nucleoside HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors was prepared from a (2Z)-2-benzoylamino-3-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-acrylic acid template. Solution and solid phase analog synthesis focused on the northern region of the template combined with structure based design led to the discovery of several potent and orally bioavailable lead compounds.
Salaspermic acid [1], an inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase and HIV replication in H9 lymphocyte cells, was isolated from the roots of Tripterygium wilfordii for the first time. The structure of 1 derived from spectral data was established unequivocally by an X-ray analysis of crystals of the monohydrate. A structure-activity correlation of 1 with ten(More)