Robert E Kilkuskie

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Betulinic acid [1] and platanic acid [2], isolated from the leaves of Syzigium claviforum, were found to be inhibitors of HIV replication in H9 lymphocyte cells. Evaluation of anti-HIV activity with eight derivatives of 1 revealed that dihydrobetulinic acid [3] was also a potent inhibitor of HIV replication. The C-3 hydroxy group and C-17 carboxylic acid(More)
An active anti-HIV principle, acacetin-7-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside, has been isolated from Chrysanthemum morifolium. Seven additional flavonoids isolated from this plant, 13 known related flavonoids, and 14 synthetic flavonoids were also evaluated as inhibitors of HIV replication in H9 cells. A known flavone, chrysin, was found to be the most promising(More)
Nine tannins, including gallo- and ellagitannins, were evaluated as potential inhibitors of HIV replication. 1,3,4-Tri-O-galloylquinic acid [1], 3,5-di-O-galloyl-shikimic acid [2], 3,4,5-tri-O-galloylshikimic acid [3], punicalin [6], and punicalagin [7] inhibited HIV replication in infected H9 lymphocytes with little cytotoxicity. Two compounds, punicalin(More)
Oligodeoxyribonucleotides targeted against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) genomic RNA inhibited RSV replication in cell culture by an apparent antisense mechanism. HEp-2 cells were infected with RSV strain A2 and incubated in the presence of oligonucleotides. Virus replication was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), virus yield assay,(More)
A novel series of nonnucleoside HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors were prepared from (2Z)-2-(benzoylamino)-3-(5-phenyl-2-furyl)acrylic acid, a high throughput screening lead. SAR studies combined with structure based drug design focusing on the southern heterobiaryl region of the template led to the synthesis of several potent and orally bioavailable lead(More)
Growth inhibition and cell killing by bleomycin are believed to be related to the ability of this antibiotic to cleave chromosomal DNA. Because bleomycin has an intracellular site of action, its ability to cross biological membranes must be critical to its overall effectiveness as an antitumor agent. The local anesthetic dibucaine acts to enhance membrane(More)
Salaspermic acid [1], an inhibitor of HIV reverse transcriptase and HIV replication in H9 lymphocyte cells, was isolated from the roots of Tripterygium wilfordii for the first time. The structure of 1 derived from spectral data was established unequivocally by an X-ray analysis of crystals of the monohydrate. A structure-activity correlation of 1 with ten(More)
By the use of DNA, copolymers of defined nucleotide composition, and a synthetic dodecanucleotide having putative bleomycin cleavage sites in proximity to the 5'- and 3'-termini, the products formed concomitant with DNA strand scission have been isolated and subjected to structural identification and quantitation via direct comparison with authentic(More)
Although the cancer cell cytoskeleton is a clinically validated target, few new strategies have emerged for selectively targeting cell division by modulating the cytoskeletal structure, particularly ways that could avoid the cardiotoxic and neurotoxic effects of current agents such as taxanes. We address this gap by describing a novel class of(More)
A novel series of non-nucleoside HCV NS5B polymerase inhibitors was prepared from a (2Z)-2-benzoylamino-3-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-acrylic acid template. Solution and solid phase analog synthesis focused on the northern region of the template combined with structure based design led to the discovery of several potent and orally bioavailable lead compounds.