Robert E. Canfield

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BACKGROUND Induction of superovulation with gonadotropins and intrauterine insemination are frequently used to treat infertility. We conducted a large, randomized, controlled clinical trial of these treatments. METHODS We studied 932 couples in which the woman had no identifiable infertility factor and the man had motile sperm. The couples were randomly(More)
The three-dimensional structure of human chorionic gonadotropin shows that each of its two different subunits has a similar topology, with three disulphide bonds forming a cystine knot. This same folding motif is found in some protein growth factors. The heterodimer is stabilized by a segment of the beta-subunit which wraps around the alpha-subunit and is(More)
BACKGROUND Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a placental hormone that stimulates secretion of the pregnancy-sustaining steroid progesterone. It is a member of a family of glycoprotein hormones that are disulfide-rich heterodimers, with a common alpha-chain and distinctive beta-chains specific to their particular G-protein linked receptors. RESULTS We(More)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) exists in blood and urine as a variety of isoforms one of which contains peptide bond cleavages within its beta-subunit loop 2 and is referred to as nicked hCG (hCGn). This hCG isoform appears to be more prevalent in the urine of patients with certain malignancies and possibly in some disorders of pregnancy. Until now,(More)
We intensively studied 30 women attempting pregnancy in order to lay groundwork for larger studies of early pregnancy loss. These women collected first morning urine specimens for up to 6 months after discontinuing use of birth control. Urine specimens were successfully collected for 98% of the woman-days in the study. Three assays for human chorionic(More)
BACKGROUND Detecting and monitoring early pregnancy depend on the measurement of HCG. Little is known about how production of various forms of HCG may evolve over the earliest weeks of pregnancy, particularly in naturally conceived pregnancies. METHODS We describe the daily excretion of three urinary HCG analytes during the first 6 weeks post-conception(More)
A highly sensitive and specific two-site immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) for hCG has been developed and applied to the detection of the hormone in the urine of normal nonpregnant and pregnant individuals. The IRMA uses a solid phase coupled monoclonal antibody to the hCG beta-subunit for extraction of hormone from urine. The hCG extracted is then directly(More)
Since thrombin cleaves fibrinopeptides A (FPA) and B from the NH(2)-terminal end of the fibrinogen molecule, measurement of fibrinopeptide levels in plasma may provide a direct index of thrombin action. Recently a radioimmunoassay for FPA has been developed, and in the present paper, we describe the application of this assay to the measurement of FPA levels(More)
The use of disodium ethane-1 hydroxy-1, 1-diphosphonate (EHDP) therapy for Paget's disease of bone was examined in 75 affected patients. Forty-eight patients received randomly assigned oral doses of either 0, 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg/day in a controlled, double-blind protocol, and the remainder received either 10 or 20 mg/kg/day in a non-random protocol. The(More)