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The objective of these experiments was to evaluate factors affecting in vitro fertilization of bovine oocytes matured in vitro, and their subsequent development to blastocysts. In Expts 1 and 2, sperm concentration, spermatozoa and oocyte incubation time, motility enhancers and semen source were manipulated. Fluorescent microscopy of microtubules and(More)
In this study we evaluated nuclear and ooplasmic maturation of prepuberal calf oocytes to determine a possible cause for their low developmental competency. Calf oocytes resumed meiosis and arrested at the MII stage at rates similar to that of adult animals; however, zygotes derived from calf oocytes cleaved and developed at significantly lower rates.(More)
Sperm-induced calcium (Ca2+) changes were examined in zona pellucida-intact, mature bovine eggs injected with the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator fura-2 dextran (fura-2 D). Fifty four percent (37/68) of the dye-injected, inseminated bovine eggs were fertilized and 43% (16/37) of the fertilized eggs exhibited Ca2+ elevations during the time of measurement. All(More)
Our previous studies have shown that oocytes collected from prepubertal calves lack developmental competence. The overall objective of this study was to assess causes by comparing biochemical and physiologic changes during in vitro maturation of oocytes collected from ovaries of adult cattle at slaughter and from superstimulated calves (<6 mo old) by either(More)
Acute decreases in nutrient intake can improve embryo quality in sheep, although reductions in ovulation rate can also occur. In cattle, short-term nutrient restriction prior to ovulation has been shown to increase subsequent pregnancy rates. Thus, the objective was to determine the effect of a severe reduction in food intake on follicle growth and embryo(More)
The use of rabbit peritoneal fluid (PF) for the culture of rabbit embryos in vitro was evaluated. Development of zygotes cultured in PF and Earle's balanced salts solution (EBSS) + 10% fetal calf serum (EBSS/FCS) was compared. The effects of increasing the concentration of PF in EBSS and of culturing embryos in fractionated PF were also investigated. In(More)
In vitro progesterone (P(4)) synthesis by corpora lutea (CL) from the first, second or third ovulation after calving was compared and correlated with their histology and cytology. The CL were removed 7 to 12 days after ovulation, and luteal cells isolated by digestion with collagenase. The response of isolated cells to luteinizing hormone (LH) was(More)
Leptospira serovar Hardjo are bacterial pathogens of cattle that cause zoonotic infections of humans. Monovalent serovar Hardjo vaccines protect cattle from serovar Hardjo while pentavalent vaccines do not even though they contain serovar Hardjo organisms. Here, cattle vaccinated with either of two monovalent vaccines had lymphocytes that made(More)