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A c o n t e x t sp e ci fic ap proach to und er st an d in g b a rr ie rs to an d oppo rtunities for ch an g e The UK Department for International Development (DfID) has funded a major programme of research into young people's sexual and reproductive health in poorer country settings. Tropical Medicine, the principal objectives of the Safe Passages to(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesized that race/ethnic group, sex, age, and/or calendar period variation in adult glioma incidence differs between the two broad subtypes of glioblastoma (GBM) and non-GBM. Primary GBM, which constitute 90-95% of GBM, differ from non-GBM with respect to a number of molecular characteristics, providing a molecular rationale for these two(More)
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is a sensitive indicator of staphylococcal col-onization and is considered a source of subsequent infection. When the incidence of S. au-reus colonization increased in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), resulting in three methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections over a three-month period, we(More)
Risk reductions behaviors are especially important during acute/early HIV infection, a period of high transmission risk. We examined how sexual behaviors changed following diagnosis of acute/early HIV infection. Twenty-eight individuals completed structured surveys and in-depth interviews shortly after learning of their infection and 2 months later.(More)
Acute/early HIV infection is a period of high risk for HIV transmission. Better understanding of behavioral aspects during this period could improve interventions to limit further transmission. Thirty-four participants with acute/early HIV infection from six US cities were assessed with the Mini International Diagnostic Interview, Beck Depression Inventory(More)
BACKGROUND In 2005, maximum safe surgical resection, followed by radiotherapy with concomitant temozolomide (TMZ), followed by adjuvant TMZ became the standard of care for glioblastoma (GBM). Furthermore, a modest, but meaningful, population-based survival improvement for GBM patients occurred in the US between 1999 (when TMZ was first introduced) and 2008.(More)
Acute/early HIV infection plays a critical role in onward HIV transmission. Detection of HIV infections during this period provides an important early opportunity to offer interventions which may prevent further transmission. In six US cities, persons with acute/early HIV infection were identified using either HIV RNA testing of pooled sera from persons(More)
Measurements of dynamic tumour cell kinetic parameters, particularly the potential doubling time (Tpot) may have potential as predictive assays for treatment outcome after radiotherapy. This paper details the distributions of Tpot and other kinetic and DNA content parameters measured in rectal cancers. Biopsies were taken from 119 patients approximately 6 h(More)
BACKGROUND Docetaxel and vinorelbine as combined treatment for metastatic breast cancer can have the dose-limiting toxic effects of mucositis and neutropenic fever. We report unexpected ischaemic colitis in six patients associated with docetaxel-based therapy, three of whom were treated in a phase I study designed to establish the maximum tolerated dose of(More)
BACKGROUND Few investigations have assessed risk behaviours and social-structural contexts of risk among injecting drug users (IDUs) in Northeast India, where injecting drug use is the major route of HIV transmission. Investigations of risk environments are needed to inform development of effective risk reduction interventions. METHODS This mixed methods(More)