Robert Downie

Learn More
OBJECTIVE Parents must rapidly assimilate complex information when a child is diagnosed with cancer. Education correlates with the ability to process and use medical information. Graphic tools aid reasoning and communicate complex ideas with precision and efficiency. METHODS We developed a graphic tool, DePICT (Disease-specific electronic Patient(More)
Eight samples of 'processed food flavours' (PFFs), chosen from five different categories, were analysed for their mutagenic activity using the Ames Salmonella assay, and also for the presence of eight heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs), namely 2-amino-3-(trideuteromethyl)imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ), 2-amino-3,8-dimethyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (MeIQ),(More)
1. The effect on hepatic glutathione was studied in rats pretreated orally with various dosages of paracetamol (acetaminophen) for varying time intervals. 2. Paracetamol caused a dose-dependent depletion of hepatic glutathione, the maximum depletion occurring 3 h after acute dosing, the levels returning to normal by 12 h after low doses (0-1 or 0-25 g/kg,(More)
Water extracts of eight brands (five types: 'green', 'black', 'oolong', decaffeinated and instant) of common teas (derived from Camellia sinensis) and infusions of six randomly selected herbal teas were examined for inhibitory or potentiating effects on the mutagenicity of eight heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAA) using the Ames Salmonella typhimurium TA98(More)
The dose- and time-related hepatotoxic effects of acetaminophen were investigated in rats using biochemical parameters as indices of hepatotoxicity supplemented by the histopathological examination of the livers. The acute or subacute (twice daily for 7 days) administration of 0.25 g/kg acetaminophen did not produce any noticeable hepatocellular damage. On(More)
The polychlorinated pesticide toxaphene has been identified as a persistent environmental contaminant and is of particular concern in the Great Lakes and Arctic regions of Canada. Inconsistencies in published in vitro genotoxicology studies have hindered risk assessments of toxaphene exposure. When toxaphene mutagenicity was re-evaluated in the Ames(More)
Food products derived from heat-treated (fried, broiled, baked) meat may contain traces of mutagenic heterocyclic amine contaminants, some of which are proven carcinogens in rodents. To confirm their presence and range in Canadian foods, and estimate the average human intake of these types of mutagens from frequently consumed heat-processed foods, several(More)