Robert Dobbin Chow

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Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), an antimalarial agent used to treat patients with autoimmune diseases, has been shown to suppress human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in T cells and monocytes in vitro by inhibiting posttranscriptional modification of the virus. An initial randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted in 38(More)
The authors question whether the d-dimer assay and pulmonary computed tomography angiography (CTA) are being used appropriately to evaluate suspected acute pulmonary embolism (PE) at their hospital. To answer this question, a retrospective review was performed on all emergency department (ED) patients who underwent d-dimer assay and/or CTA from August 15,(More)
AIMS Skeletal-related events (SREs) in patients with bone metastases decrease a patient's quality of life and functional status. Although bone-modifying agents have been found to reduce the time to first on-trial SRE and decrease the total incidence of SREs in randomised clinical trials, standard practice in the management of bone metastases has changed(More)
Synthetic cannabinoids (SC), though not detected with routine urine toxicology screening, can cause severe metabolic derangements and widespread deleterious effects in multiple organ systems. The diversity of effects is related to the wide distribution of cannabinoid receptors in multiple organ systems. Both cannabinoid-receptor-mediated and(More)
BACKGROUND To reduce the duration and overall costs of cardiovascular trials, use of the combined endpoints in trial design has become commonplace. Though this methodology may serve the needs of investigators and trial sponsors, the preferences of patients or potential trial subjects in the trial design process has not been studied. OBJECTIVE To determine(More)
The burden of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States has increased dramatically over the past 30 years with almost 613,000 patients receiving renal replacement therapy in 2011. That same year, more than 112,000 new patients initiated dialysis with 92% of them receiving hemodialysis (HD). These patients experience significant morbidity and(More)
INTRODUCTION Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by non-caseating granulomas that can be present in diverse organ systems. Sarcoidosis can be associated with malignancy, presenting either preceding, during, or after chemotherapy. We herewith report a case of sarcoidosis mimicking cancer recurrence that developed after radioactive iodine(More)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common and highly manageable disorder that affects most men at some point after age 50. Although classic BPH symptoms mimic those of other genitourinary conditions, several straightforward tools are available to aid accurate diagnosis. For patients in whom the condition is identified early in its progression, prudent(More)
Right ventricular (RV) myocardial infarction (MI) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are commonly recognized as two of the most challenging and vexing entities in clinical practice. When either is considered in a differential diagnosis, they warrant close consideration because of the life-threatening nature of these conditions. Their signs and symptoms overlap(More)