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BACKGROUND Sentinel-lymph-node (SLN) surgery was designed to minimise the side-effects of lymph-node surgery but still offer outcomes equivalent to axillary-lymph-node dissection (ALND). The aims of National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) trial B-32 were to establish whether SLN resection in patients with breast cancer achieves the same(More)
BACKGROUND The goals of axillary-lymph-node dissection (ALND) are to maximise survival, provide regional control, and stage the patient. However, this technique has substantial side-effects. The purpose of the B-32 trial is to establish whether sentinel-lymph-node (SLN) resection can achieve the same therapeutic goals as conventional ALND but with decreased(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies have demonstrated that sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy can accurately determine axillary nodal status for breast cancer, but unacceptably high false negative rates have also been reported. Attention has been focused on factors associated with improved accuracy. We have previously shown that injection of blue dye in combination(More)
PURPOSE Previous studies have demonstrated the feasibility of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for nodal staging of patients with breast cancer. However, unacceptably high false-negative rates have been reported in several studies, raising doubt about the applicability of this technique in widespread surgical practice. Controversy persists regarding the(More)
PURPOSE Patients with clinically negative nodes constitute over 85% of new melanoma cases. There is no adjuvant therapy for intermediate-thickness, node-negative melanoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS The Southwest Oncology Group conducted a randomized phase III trial of an allogeneic melanoma vaccine for 2 years versus observation in patients with(More)
PURPOSE To determine in a randomized prospective multi-institutional trial whether the addition of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) to a melphalan-based hyperthermic isolated limb perfusion (HILP) treatment would improve the complete response rate for locally advanced extremity melanoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with locally advanced extremity(More)
BACKGROUND Patterns of early recurrence after sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for melanoma was determined from the Sunbelt Melanoma Trial, which includes patients with Breslow thickness > or =1.0 mm and nonpalpable regional lymph nodes. METHODS SLN were evaluated by routine histology and S-100 protein stain. Overall, there were 1,183 patients with a(More)
BACKGROUND This analysis was performed to identify prognostic factors that are predictive of sentinel lymph node (SLN) metastasis in melanoma. METHODS Analysis was performed of a multi-institutional, prospective, randomized trial of SLN biopsy for melanoma. Eligibility criteria included age 18 to 70 years, Breslow thickness of 1.0 mm or more, and(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of multiple primary melanomas (MPM) and other cancers types among patients with melanoma. Factors associated with development of MPM were assessed in a post hoc analysis of the database from a multi-institutional prospective randomized trial of patients with melanoma aged 18 to 70 years with Breslow(More)
PURPOSE To identify the maximum tolerated dose of the oxygen mimetic radiation sensitizer Etanidazole in the setting of surgery and intraoperative radiation therapy. 12 grams/meter2 was the maximum chosen target dose based on tolerance from other trials. METHODS AND MATERIALS 42 patients were entered in an escalating dose scheme, 5.5, 7.5, 9, 10.5, and(More)