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BACKGROUND The comparative efficacy and safety of infliximab and azathioprine therapy alone or in combination for Crohn's disease are unknown. METHODS In this randomized, double-blind trial, we evaluated the efficacy of infliximab monotherapy, azathioprine monotherapy, and the two drugs combined in 508 adults with moderate-to-severe Crohn's disease who(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Long-term safety data for infliximab and other therapies in Crohn's disease (CD) are needed. METHODS We prospectively evaluated patients for prespecified safety-related outcomes. RESULTS As of August 2004, 6290 patients were enrolled; 3179 received infliximab (5519 patient-years), 87% of whom received at least 2 infusions, and 3111(More)
PRL-1 is a particularly interesting immediate-early gene because it is induced in mitogen-stimulated cells and regenerating liver but is constitutively expressed in insulin-treated rat H35 hepatoma cells, which otherwise show normal regulation of immediate-early genes. PRL-1 is expressed throughout the course of hepatic regeneration, and its expression is(More)
BACKGROUND The endoscopic substudy of the ACCENT I (A Crohn's Disease Clinical Trial Evaluating Infliximab in a New Long-term Treatment Regimen) Crohn's disease trial examined the effects of infliximab on mucosal inflammation and mucosal healing, and assessed their impact on outcomes. DESIGN ACCENT I was a randomized, double-blind, parallel group study.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The effect of different treatment regimens on antibody responses to infliximab and their clinical significance was examined by using data from ACCENT I. METHODS Patients with Crohn's disease (n = 573) received 5 mg/kg infliximab (week 0) and then were randomly assigned to blinded infusions at weeks 2 and 6 and every 8 weeks until week 46(More)
Liver regeneration in response to partial hepatectomy is a physiological growth response observed in the intact animal. Understanding the early signals that trigger liver regeneration is of vital importance to understand the liver's response to injury. It has been observed that several growth factors and cytokines, including epidermal growth factor (EGF)(More)
We have identified 41 novel and many previously known growth response genes induced in regenerating liver and insulin-treated Reuber H35 cells, a rat hepatoma cell line that grows in response to physiologic concentrations of insulin and retains some properties of regenerating liver. Although many genes are expressed similarly in the two systems, there are(More)
We have identified a novel basic leucine zipper (bZIP) protein, designated ATF-7, that physically interacts with the PRL-1 protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase). PRL-1 is a predominantly nuclear, farnesylated PTPase that has been linked to the control of cellular growth and differentiation. This interaction was initially found using the yeast two-hybrid(More)
The cellular signals that initiate cell growth are incompletely understood. Insight could be provided by understanding the signals regulating the transcriptional induction of immediate-early genes which occurs within minutes of the growth stimulus. The expression of the PRL-1 gene, which encodes a unique nuclear protein-tyrosine phosphatase, is rapidly(More)
Ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory disease of the rectal and colonic mucosa, affects approximately 250,000 to 500,000 people in the United States, with 30% to 40% of patients requiring some form of surgical intervention during the course of their disease. The predominant reason for total proctocolectomy is for symptoms refractory to currently(More)