Robert Dennhardt

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The incidence of increased drug metabolism activity as a consequence of multiple drug therapy at a surgical intensive care ward has been studied non-invasively by determinations of daily urinary D-glucaric acid (GA) excretion rates. Among 165 randomly selected patients, GA excretion was stimulated in 76 cases (= 46%). Exploratory data analysis showed that(More)
Ether link cleavage (ELC) of T4 yielding diiodotyrosine (DIT) has recently been shown in vitro to be the major pathway of T4 metabolism in phagocytosing leukocytes. To evaluate this pathway in vivo and the possible clinical relevance of DIT measurements in diseases with increased leukocyte activity, radioimmunological studies on serum levels of DIT and(More)
Pentobarbital plasma levels were determined in 16 critical care patients receiving a dose of approximately 30 mg/kg/day and suffering from severe head injury. In 10 patients monitored more than six times, a continuous decrease in plasma concentrations, caused by a mean increase in pentobarbital total plasma clearance from 0.81 to 1.06 ml/min/kg, was found.(More)
Experiments were carried out in different segments of the intestine of unanaesthetised rats to assess the effect of vasopressin on intestinal absorptive processes. The following data were observed. (1) Within a physiological range of doses (Aziz, 1969), ADH diminished the net sodium absorption mainly by reducing the unidirectional sodium influx, whereas the(More)
After brain death, 32 potential organ donors were studied to determine serum and plasma concentrations of hypothalamic-pituitary hormones, thyroid hormones, and cortisol over a period of up to 80 hr. Diagnosis of brain death was established either on the basis of clinical criteria (n = 16) or by angiography (n = 16). While 78% of the organ donors developed(More)
In septic patients the clinical course of the disease is characterized by high DIT and rT3 serum concentrations as well as a low T3-syndrome. While rT3 is elevated in almost all critically ill patients, the increase in DIT is indicative of severe infection. Prolactin levels are regularly elevated in sepsis although to variable degrees. Catecholamines and(More)
In a randomized double-blind study, midazolam 0.1 mg kg-1 i.m. was compared with diazepam 0.2 mg kg-1 and placebo as premedication for patients undergoing urological interventions under spinal anaesthesia. The sedative and anxiolytic effects of midazolam were evident 5-10 min after administration, and were maximum between 30 and 90 min. After this, rapid(More)
  • R Dennhardt
  • 1990
It is difficult to predict the risk of bleeding in regional techniques under concomitant LMH administration, as each LMH preparation has a particular mode of action and different pharmacological properties. Although complications due to bleeding, that occurs during the execution of a regional technique, are extremely rare, epidural anaesthesia with or(More)
A procedure for the determination of plasma catecholamine concentrations in critical care patients after dobutamine infusion is presented. A modified chromatographic system is required with an additional washing procedure to achieve maximum sensitivity and stable chromatographic conditions. The influence of storage time on the catecholamine concentrations(More)