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A series of ion-exchange equilibrium experiments were completed and analyzed by a mass action model. The isotherms at various counter-ion concentrations are regressed to determine the average number of binding sites, Z, the mass action constant, K, and the effective capacity of the exchanger, Pm. The estimates for Pm are 1-10 mmol of protein adsorbed per(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate if Moraxella bovoculi was associated with Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK) using a corneal scarification model in calves. A 3-arm single-eye block-randomized and blinded challenge study was designed as follows: corneal scarification only, corneal scarification and inoculation with M. bovoculi (ATCC(More)
Single-dose loading with a placebo (isotonic saline solution), and 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 6%, and 8% pilocarpine hydrochloride (pH 7.4) was evaluated in normotensive and glaucomatous Beagle dogs to determine dose response. The seven concentrations of pilocarpine significantly (P less than 0.01) reduced intraocular pressure and pupil size in the normotensive(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by loss of activity of α-l-iduronidase and attendant accumulation of the glycosaminoglycans dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. Current treatments are suboptimal and do not address residual disease including corneal clouding, skeletal deformities, valvular heart disease, and(More)
A simplified lateral orbitotomy is described that decreases surgical time and lessens tissue dissection, yet maintains the exposure to the orbit provided by other orbitotomy techniques. The approach involves cutting the orbital ligament, incising the temporalis aponeurosis from the dorsal zygomatic arch, making parallel zygomatic arch osteotomies, and(More)
Retinal-choroidal tissues were collected from older sows that were fed either control (100% Zn), intermediate zinc (59% Zn) or low zinc (21% Zn) diets for a 6-month period. The tissues were prepared for elemental energy dispersive X-ray analysis and examined by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Melanosomes of the retinal pigment epithelium and(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma was the most common neoplasm found in a review of case records of 21 cats with histopathologically confirmed orbital neoplasms. Other neoplasms found were lymphosarcoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, malignant melanoma, adenocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma, chondroma, and hemangiosarcoma. Three (14%) neoplasms were primary, 15 (71%) were(More)
Numerous investigations of light induced avian buphthalmia using incandescent light have not defined an etiology. Chickens raised from 2 weeks of age in continuous fluorescent light developed shallow anterior chambers and buphthalmos within the first month of treatment. Chickens raised in continuous fluorescent light developed ocular enlargement similar to(More)
Chickens raised from 2 to 14 weeks of age in continuous darkness (OL:24D) developed shallow anterior chambers and buphthalmos (megaloglobus). Chickens raised in continuous darkness developed ocular changes similar to that reported in chickens raised in continuous fluorescent and incandescent light and in dim light. Corneal diameters and axial globe lengths(More)
Ultrasonic pachymetry was used to measure central, superior peripheral, and temporal peripheral corneal thicknesses of 75 dogs (150 eyes) with normal corneas, anterior chambers, and intraocular pressure. Mean corneal thickness averaged over the 2 eyes, 3 locations, and 75 dogs was 562 +/- 6.2 microns. The peripheral cornea was thicker on average than the(More)