Robert D Whitley

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Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a lysosomal storage disease caused by loss of activity of α-l-iduronidase and attendant accumulation of the glycosaminoglycans dermatan sulfate and heparan sulfate. Current treatments are suboptimal and do not address residual disease including corneal clouding, skeletal deformities, valvular heart disease, and(More)
Retinal-choroidal tissues were collected from older sows that were fed either control (100% Zn), intermediate zinc (59% Zn) or low zinc (21% Zn) diets for a 6-month period. The tissues were prepared for elemental energy dispersive X-ray analysis and examined by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Melanosomes of the retinal pigment epithelium and(More)
Histopathology was compared to culture results and cytology from horses with corneal stromal abscess at the Auburn University and the Ohio State University Veterinary Teaching Hospitals. Significant bacteria were not isolated in culture or seen on histopathology in any of the horses. Although most bacteria infecting equine corneas can be isolated with blood(More)
Clinical findings indicate that canine eyes tolerate implantation of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) intraocular lenses (IOL) well, although inflammation and ocular damage attributable to the implants is not known. The use of silicone or polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA) IOL has not been reported in dogs. In this study, 15 conditioned, mixed-breed dogs were(More)
Single-dose loading with a placebo (isotonic saline solution), and 0.5%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, 6%, and 8% pilocarpine hydrochloride (pH 7.4) was evaluated in normotensive and glaucomatous Beagle dogs to determine dose response. The seven concentrations of pilocarpine significantly (P less than 0.01) reduced intraocular pressure and pupil size in the normotensive(More)
The Mackay-Marg, Tono-Pen, and Challenger applanation tonometers were evaluated in vivo in 12 clinically normal eyes of 6 dogs. Tonometric measures of intraocular pressure (IOP) were compared with closed manometric IOP measurements from the anterior chamber of anesthetized dogs. The tonometers were evaluated at IOP that ranged from 5 to 100 mm of Hg. The(More)
A 6-year-old, neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated for a recurrent vaccine-associated fibrosarcoma. The cat had three excisions of the tumour prior to presentation and was referred for radiation therapy. Ten months following treatment with radiation therapy, the cat was presented again for a cloudy appearance to the eye. An exenteration was(More)
Microorganisms from normal eyes of hospitalized and stabled horses were identified, and the frequency of isolation was compared between the 2 groups. Using standard techniques, swab specimens from both eyes of 22 hospitalized horses and both eyes of 18 stabled horses were cultured for aerobic bacteria and fungi. Ninety-six aerobic bacteria and 57 fungi were(More)
Chickens raised from 2 to 14 weeks of age in continuous darkness (OL:24D) developed shallow anterior chambers and buphthalmos (megaloglobus). Chickens raised in continuous darkness developed ocular changes similar to that reported in chickens raised in continuous fluorescent and incandescent light and in dim light. Corneal diameters and axial globe lengths(More)
Bacterial infections are frequently associated with diseases of the eyelids, cornea, and conjunctiva. Animals sustaining KCS commonly have bacterial infections of the external eye owing to a lack of antimicrobial properties present in the normal tearfilm. Infection can occur in the nasolacrimal duct or lacrimal sac, which is referred to as dacryocystitis.(More)