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BACKGROUND Ectodysplasin-A appears to be a critical component of branching morphogenesis. Mutations in mouse Eda or human EDA are associated with absent or hypoplastic sweat glands, sebaceous glands, lacrimal glands, salivary glands (SMGs), mammary glands and/or nipples, and mucous glands of the bronchial, esophageal and colonic mucosa. In this study, we(More)
Steady-state cytosolic calcium (Ca2+i) concentration in a vascular smooth muscle cell is determined by Ca2+ influx and Ca2+ extrusion across the plasma membrane, yet no means for determining the absolute magnitude of these transmembrane Ca2+ fluxes in the basal state of the resting cell has been devised. We now report a method that combines fluorescence(More)
  • R D Phair
  • 1997
Increasingly, successful research on metabolic systems relies on teams of specialists. Because of the enormous complexity of these systems, many experimental groups have sought collaborations with theoreticians for data analysis and modeling. Predictably, cultural differences in scientific approach, methodology, assumptions, and language have led to some(More)
A model is proposed for the metabolism of plasma lipoprotein apoproteins based on studies of a hyperlipoproteinemic subject who received 2.5 mCi[3H]leucine intravenously. Measurements included apoprotein specific activities (apo-B and apo-C) of very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and of three low density lipoprotein (LDL) subspecies, Sf 17 LDL, Sf 10 LDL,(More)
BACKGROUND A quantitative understanding of human folate metabolism is needed. OBJECTIVE The objective was to quantify and interpret human folate metabolism as it might occur in vivo. DESIGN Adults (n = 13) received 0.5 nmol [(14)C]pteroylmonoglutamate (100 nCi radioactivity) plus 79.5 nmol pteroylmonoglutamate in water orally. (14)C was measured in(More)
Studies were carried out in three normolipidemic non-obese men with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and three normal men, to assess whether the clearance of postprandial Sf 100-400 lipoproteins is decreased in IDDM. Sf greater than 100 lipoproteins isolated from plasma 4.5 h after fat ingestion were labeled with 125I and injected into the same(More)
The kinetics of apolipoproteins B and C were studied in 14 normal and hyperlipoproteinemic subjects after injection of exogenously (125)I-labeled very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) particles. Plasma radioactivities of apoB and apoC were determined over a period of 4 days in VLDL (d < 1.006) and total radioactivity in intermediate (IDL) (1.006 < d < 1.019),(More)
Influence of capillary permeability on local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) estimated by the autoradiograhpic diffusible-indicator method was analyzed by computer simulation. Its influence increases with increasing flow. With normal perfusion rates in gray matter, capillary permeability coefficient x surface area (PS value) must exceed 0.12 cm3-s(-1)-g(-1) for(More)
Niemann-Pick C disease (NP-C) is a rare inborn error of metabolism with hepatic involvement and neurological sequelae that usually manifest in childhood. Although in vitro studies have shown that the lysosomal distribution of LDL-derived cholesterol is defective in cultured cells of NP-C subjects, no unusual characteristics mark the plasma lipoprotein(More)