Robert D. Jenison

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We have identified a group of DNA molecules that bind to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-AB with subnanomolar affinity from a randomized DNA library using in vitro selection. Individual ligands cloned from the affinity-enriched pool bind to PDGF-AB and PDGF-BB with comparably high affinity (Kd approximately 10(-10) M) and to PDGF-AA with lower(More)
An RNA aptamer containing a 15-nt binding site shows high affinity and specificity for the bronchodilator theophylline. A variety of base modifications or 2' deoxyribose substitutions in binding-site residues were tested for theophyllinebinding affinity and the results were compared with the previously determined three-dimensional structure of the(More)
To visualize the interplay of RNA structural interactions in a ligand binding site, we have determined the solution structure of a high affinity RNA-theophylline complex using NMR spectroscopy. The structure provides insight into the ability of this in vitro selected RNA to discriminate theophylline from the structurally similar molecule caffeine. Numerous(More)
Microsatellite repeat and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are abundant sources of genetic variation, but existing methodologies cannot simultaneously detect these variants in a facile or inexpensive way. We describe herein a thin-film biosensor chip based on an allele-discriminating oligonucleotide array that enables genotyping for both(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) constitute the bulk of human genetic variation and provide excellent markers to identify genetic factors contributing to complex disease susceptibility. A rapid, sensitive, and inexpensive assay is important for large-scale SNP scoring. Here we report the development of a multiplex SNP detection system using silicon(More)
OBJECTIVES Numerous functional polymorphisms in the CYP2C19 gene have been identified; some alleles (e.g. CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3) are associated with poor metabolism of CYP2C19 substrate drugs. Studies have found that the proportion of poor metabolizers, explained by CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3, varies from less than 50% to more than 90% of poor metabolizers.(More)
A pseudo--half-knot can be formed by binding an oligonucleotide asymmetrically to an RNA hairpin loop. This binding motif was used to target the human immunodeficiency virus TAR element, an important viral RNA structure that is the receptor for Tat, the major viral transactivator protein. Oligonucleotides complementary to different halves of the TAR(More)
Sequence-specific detection of polynucleotides typically requires modified reporter probes that are labeled with radioactive, fluorescent, or luminescent moieties. Although these detection methods are capable of high sensitivity, they require instrumentation for signal detection. In certain settings, such as clinical point of care, instrumentation might be(More)
Cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) is the rate limiting enzyme for converting cholesterol into bile acids. Genetic variations in the CYP7A1 gene have been associated with metabolic disorders of cholesterol and bile acids, including hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, arteriosclerosis, and gallstone disease. Current genetic studies are focused(More)