Robert D Hollifield

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PURPOSE To investigate whether proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PDR) is associated with a selective increase in vitreous levels of soluble vascular cell adhesion molecules that mediate leukocyte extravasation and interaction with endothelium during processes of inflammation and neovascularization. METHODS Vitreous from 55 patients undergoing vitrectomy(More)
TNF-alpha has been implicated in the pathogenesis of insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). At present there are no studies linking serum levels of soluble TNF receptors (sTNF-R) to the development of diabetic microvascular complications such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), or to the production of TNF-alpha in these patients. We(More)
PURPOSE To measure vitreous levels of soluble TNF-receptors (sTNF-Rs) types I and II in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD), uncomplicated or complicated with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), and in eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). To examine whether there is any relationship between vitreous levels of sTNF-Rs and(More)
We investigated circulating anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines, and their ex vivo PBMC production in the absence or presence of the neuroantigens myelin basic protein (MBP) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) and T cell mitogen (PHA) in MS patients in relapse and remission, patients with other neurological disorders (OND) and normal(More)
PURPOSE To measure vitreous levels of the soluble intercellular adhesion molecule (sICAM-1) in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) complicated or uncomplicated by proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) to investigate whether levels of this molecule related to history of previous retinal surgery or to the duration and severity of PVR. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the expression of various isoforms of the hematopoietic cell marker CD45 on retinal pigment epithelial cells in relation to their expression of CD68 and the cytokine-reactive intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). We also determined the effect of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 beta, TNF alpha and IFN gamma on the expression(More)
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