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As virtual humans approach photorealistic perfection, they risk making real humans uncomfortable. This intriguing phenomenon, known as the uncanny valley, is well known but not well understood. In an effort to demystify the causes of the uncanny valley, this paper proposes several perceptual, cognitive, and social mechanisms that have already helped address(More)
Data from inseminating 1,000 heifers consecutively with sexed sperm and 370 heifers with control sperm in 11 small field trials are summarized. Semen was from 22 bulls of unknown fertility of various beef and dairy breeds, and 6 inseminators participated. Freshly collected sperm were sexed using a MoFlo flow cytometer/cell sorter after staining sperm with(More)
A mutation causing muscular hypertrophy, with associated leanness and improved feed efficiency, has been recently identified in domestic sheep (Ovis aries). Preliminary results indicate that an autosomal dominant gene may be responsible for this economically advantageous trait. We have exploited the conservation in sequence and chromosomal location of DNA(More)
A primary objective of this study was to determine whether the binary traits heifer pregnancy (HP) and subsequent rebreeding (SR) were heritable in an experimental population of Angus cattle. A second objective was to determine the nature of the additive genetic relationships among HP, SR, and stayability (S(5/1)) in the same population. Heifer pregnancy(More)
Random matings of 10 Charolais sires and eight Limousin sires to crossbred cows produced 392 steers and heifers that were used to evaluate genetic influences on beef palatability. Longissimus lumborum steaks were measured for shear force at 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 35 d postmortem and for taste panel attributes at 14 d postmortem. Longer postmortem aging(More)
Bos indicus composite and Bos taurus cattle, originating from diverse production environments, were used to quantify genetic variation in marbling, 24-h calpastatin activity, and beef tenderness and to identify strategies for prevention of beef tenderness problems in Bos indicus composite cattle. Comparisons among 3/8 Bos indicus breeds (Braford, Red(More)
Yearling crossbred feedlot steers (n = 495) and heifers (n = 151) were ultrasonically measured at the 12-13th rib interface 24 h before slaughter to evaluate the accuracy of ultrasonic measurements of fat thickness (BFU) and longissimus muscle area (LMAU) for prediction of actual carcass measures. Isonification was with an Aloka 210DX ultrasound unit(More)
Ultrasonic measures of backfat thickness (BFT) and longissimus muscle area (LMA) taken on Angus bulls (n = 805) and heifers (n = 877) ranging in age from approximately 8 to 20 mo in a production setting in western Nebraska were used to estimate genetic (co)variances. Further information used in the analyses, including weaning weight (WWT), postweaning ADG,(More)
A review of case records spanning 20 years revealed 140 cases of decompression pulmonary barotrauma (PBT) in divers. There were 23 cases of uncomplicated PBT and 117 cases of cerebral arterial gas embolism (AGE), of which 58 had respiratory manifestations. Details of presentation and precipitating factors were analysed. Half of AGE cases improved(More)
Feedlot steers (n = 180) representing 11 sire-breed groups were ultrasonically measured for fat thickness (FTU) and longissimus muscle area (LMU) at two 60-d intervals during the feeding period and four 21-d intervals corresponding to serial slaughter dates to predict carcass retail yield parameters. Two fat trim levels, 8 and 0 mm, were used to calculate(More)