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The trafficking of circulating stem and progenitor cells to areas of tissue damage is poorly understood. The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) mediates homing of stem cells to bone marrow by binding to CXCR4 on circulating cells. SDF-1 and CXCR4 are expressed in complementary patterns during embryonic organogenesis and guide(More)
The goal of animal wound healing models is to replicate human physiology and predict therapeutic outcomes. There is currently no model of wound healing in rodents that closely parallels human wound healing. Rodents are attractive candidates for wound healing studies because of their availability, low cost, and ease of handling. However, rodent models have(More)
Diminished production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and decreased angiogenesis are thought to contribute to impaired tissue repair in diabetic patients. We examined whether recombinant human VEGF(165) protein would reverse the impaired wound healing phenotype in genetically diabetic mice. Paired full-thickness skin wounds on the dorsum of(More)
BACKGROUND Although bacterial biofilm is recognized as an important contributor to chronic wound pathogenesis, differences in biofilm virulence between species have never been studied in vivo. STUDY DESIGN Dermal punch wounds in New Zealand white rabbit ears were inoculated with Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus, or Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or(More)
The observation that many chronic wounds are ischemic has spurred a series of studies evaluating the response of cells exposed to hypoxia. To date, these studies have shown largely beneficial effects from hypoxia, such as increased cellular replication and procollagen synthesis. These findings are counter-intuitive from a clinical standpoint because(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial biofilms, which are critical mediators of chronic wounds, remain difficult to treat with traditional methods. Bacteriophage therapy against biofilm has not been rigorously studied in vivo. The authors evaluate the efficacy of a species-specific bacteriophage against Staphylococcus aureus biofilm-infected wounds using a validated,(More)
BACKGROUND Bacterial infections of wounds impair healing and worsen scarring. We hypothesized that transcriptome analysis of wounds infected with Klebsiella pneumoniae (K.p.) or Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P.a.) would indicate host-responses associated with the worse healing of P.a.- than K.p.-infected wounds. METHODS Wounds created on post-operative day(More)
BACKGROUND The recent discovery of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has altered our understanding of new blood vessel growth such as occurs during collateral formation. Because diabetic complications occur in conditions in which EPC contributions have been demonstrated, EPC dysfunction may be important in their pathophysiology. METHODS AND(More)
A growing body of evidence suggests that in addition to hypoxia, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and intrinsic host factors, bacterial biofilms represent a fourth major pillar in chronic wound pathogenesis. Given that most studies to date rely on in vitro or observational clinical data, our aim was to develop a novel, quantitative animal model enabling further(More)
Bacterial biofilms have gained increasing visibility in recent years as a ubiquitous form of survival for microorganisms in myriad environments. A number of in vivo models exist for the study of biofilms in the setting of medically relevant implanted foreign bodies. Growing evidence has demonstrated the presence of bacterial biofilms in the setting of a(More)