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BACKGROUND Idiopathic autonomic neuropathy is a severe, subacute disorder with a presumed autoimmune basis. It is indistinguishable from the subacute autonomic neuropathy that may accompany lung cancer or other tumors. Autoantibodies specific for nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in the autonomic ganglia are potentially pathogenic and may serve as serologic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the prevalence and pathogenetic mechanisms of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS). PATIENTS AND METHODS We reviewed the medical records of patients with POTS seen at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn, from January 1, 1993, through December 31, 2003. All patients were required to have had a full autonomic reflex screen.(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate sweating and cardiovascular autonomic function in patients with distal small fiber neuropathy (DSFN). Sweat testing by the quantitative sudomotor axon reflex test was abnormal in 32 of 40 (80%) patients. The thermoregulatory sweat test was abnormal in 18 of 25 (72%) patients; one or both tests were abnormal in 36 of(More)
We used a laser Doppler velocimeter for measurement of skin blood flow in 63 healthy control subjects and in patients with dysautonomias. We measured vasoconstrictor responses to inspiratory gasp, standing, Valsalva maneuver, and cold stimulus. An abnormal profile was defined in terms of the percentage of abnormal test results, the results of individual(More)
We have quantified postganglionic sweat output in human subjects resulting from axon reflex stimulation using acetylcholine electrophoresis. Dehumidified nitrogen of controlled temperature and flow rate was passed through an acrylic plastic chamber placed over a defined area of skin. Sweat droplets were evaporated; humidity change was sensed by a(More)
Three children, from different kinships, with generalized insensitivity to pain, showed unusual manifestations of congenital, presumably inherited, sensory and autonomic neuropathy. The first child appeared to have a syndrome resembling those previously described as congenital indifference to pain, congenital universal loss of pain sensation from infancy(More)
Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by orthostatic dizziness, tremulousness, tachycardia and variable blood pressure changes. Since some POTS patients have a marked reduction in pulse pressure on standing, a major mechanism of their symptoms might be venous pooling. We therefore studied the cardiovascular response to head-up tilt, Valsalva(More)
The classification and pathological mechanisms of many central nervous system inflammatory diseases remain uncertain. In this article we report eight patients with a clinically and radiologically distinct pontine-predominant encephalomyelitis we have named 'chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids'(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether anatomical modification of sympathectomy diminishes severe postoperative compensatory hyperhidrosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS From January 1, 2000, to June 1, 2001, we prospectively studied 10 consecutive patients with primary palmar hyperhidrosis, aged 14 to 42 years. Medical therapy had failed in all patients. A preoperative(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical utility of the nicotinic ganglionic acetylcholine receptor (alpha3-AChR) autoantibody as a marker of neurological autoimmunity and cancer. DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. PATIENTS A total of 15,000 patients seen at Mayo Clinic (2005-2007) and evaluated on a service basis for(More)