Robert Csonga

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Eukaryotic initiation factor 5A(eIF-5A) is a cellular cofactor require d for the function of the human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) Rev trans-activator protein. The majority of a set of eIF-5A mutants did not support growth of yeast cells having an inactivated genomic copy of eIF-5A, indicating that the introduced mutation eliminated eIF-5A(More)
The transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NF-AT) plays an essential role in the activation of many early immune response genes. A dynamic equilibrium between calcineurin and cellular kinases controls its phosphorylation and thus regulates its activity by determining its subcellular localization. Here, we demonstrate that T-cell(More)
Sphingosine kinase has been recognized as an essential signaling molecule that mediates the intracellular conversion of sphingosine to sphingosine-1-phosphate. In mast cells, induction of sphingosine kinase and generation of sphingosine-1-phosphate have been linked to the initial rise in Ca(2+), released from internal stores, and to degranulation. These(More)
Posttranslational modification of a specific lysine residue in eukaryotic initiation factor 5A (eIF-5A) is essential for cell viability and proliferation. The product of this modification is hypusine, an amino acid unique to eIF-5A. We have purified and characterized one major and three minor isoforms of human eIF-5A from HeLa cells. The main form, which(More)
Cap 'n' collar-basic leucine zipper (CNC-bZIP) proteins are widely implicated in developmental processes throughout different species. Evidence is accumulating that some of them are also participating in induced gene expression in the adult. Here we show that the three CNC-bZIP members NF-E2, Nrf1 and Nrf2 are constitutively expressed in the murine mast(More)
Common signaling chains of various receptor families, despite some similarities, are able to provoke quite different cellular responses. This suggests that they are linked to different cascades and transcription factors, dependent on the context of the ligand binding moiety and the cell type. The ITAM (immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif)(More)
Over the last few years, sphingolipids have been identified as potent second messenger molecules modulating cell growth and activation. A newly emerging facet to this class of lipids suggests a picture where the balance between two counterregulatory lipids (as shown in the particular example of ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate in T lymphocyte apoptosis)(More)
Over the last few years, sphingolipids have been identified as potent second messenger molecules modulating cell growth and activation. A newly emerging facet to this class of lipids suggests a picture where the balance between two counterregulatory lipids (as shown in the particular example of ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate in T lymphocyte apoptosis)(More)
Hypusine synthesis in the eukaryotic initiation factor 5A is a unique two-step posttranslational modification. After deoxyhypusine is generated by the deoxyhypusine synthase, the deoxyhypusine hydroxylase (EC 1.14.99.29) catalyzes the formation of mature hypusine. A rapid assay for monitoring the deoxyhypusine hydroxylase activity was established, employing(More)
Deoxyhypusine synthase is essentially required for the post-translational formation of hypusine, a modification of a specific lysine residue in eukaryotic initiation factor 5A, which appears to be pivotal for cell proliferation. From a human peripheral blood mononuclear cells cDNA library we isolated two independent sequences encoding biologically active(More)