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Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in low and medium magnetic fields yields well-resolved natural abundance proton and decoupled phosphorus spectra from small (1-10 cc) volumes of brain in vivo in minutes. With this tool, neurochemical research has advanced through identification and non-invasive assay of specific neuronal--(N-acetylaspartate),(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) contacts many brain regions and may mediate humoral signaling distinct from synaptic neurotransmission. However, synthesis and transport mechanisms for such signaling are not defined. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether human CSF contains discrete structures that may enable the regulation of humoral transmission.(More)
The Savannah River site, South Carolina (SRS), has been subjected to heavy metal and radionuclide contamination. Dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacteria, by reducing insoluble Fe(III) to soluble Fe(II), may enhance contaminant mobility through subsurface environments. In order to investigate populations of the indigenous iron-reducing microbes from the SRS,(More)
BACKGROUND Early treatment of Alzheimer's disease may reduce its devastating effects. By focusing research on asymptomatic individuals with Alzheimer's disease pathology (the preclinical stage), earlier indicators of disease may be discovered. Decreasing cerebrospinal fluid beta-amyloid42 is the first indicator of preclinical disorder, but it is not known(More)
Nuclear MR spectroscopy in low and medium magnetic fields yields well-resolved natural abundance proton and decoupled phosphorus spectra from small (1-10 mL) volumes of brain in vivo in minutes. With this tool, neurochemical research has advanced through identification and noninvasve assay of a specific neuronal-cf2Ncf1-acetylaspartate, glial(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebrospinal fluid sodium concentration ([Na(+)](csf)) increases during migraine, but the cause of the increase is not known. OBJECTIVE Analyze biochemical pathways that influence [Na(+)](csf) to identify mechanisms that are consistent with migraine. METHOD We reviewed sodium physiology and biochemistry publications for links to migraine and(More)
Many non-pharmacological treatments have been implicated in the treatment of primary headache, with exercise being a common recommendation. In this review we first provide an overview of the relationship between exercise and primary headaches. We then review the physiology of pain modulation, with focus on the endogenous opioids, endocannabinoids, and(More)
Glutathione independent prostaglandin D synthase (Swissprot P41222, PTGDS) has been identified in human cerebrospinal fluid and some changes in PTGDS in relation to disease have been reported. However, little is known of the extent that PTGDS isoforms fluctuate across a large range of congenital and acquired diseases. The purpose of this study was to(More)
Platelet monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was assayed in 42 unmedicated, elderly, RDC depressed, unipolar outpatients over 60 years of age, 17 nondepressed controls, and 17 younger volunteers without psychiatric illness. Elderly depressed women (n = 22) had significantly higher MAO activity than sex- and age-comparable controls. No significant relationships(More)