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Gradients of ammonium sulfate in liposomes [(NH4)2SO4]lip. > [(NH4)2SO4]med. were used to obtain 'active' loading of amphipathic weak bases into the aqueous compartment of liposomes. The loading is a result of the base exchange with the ammonium ions. This approach was applied to encapsulate anthracyclines and acridine orange inside the liposomes at very(More)
We studied the antimicrobial susceptibility of 322 Streptococcus pyogenes throat isolates from French children and their serotype and genomic diversity. A total of 22.4% were erythromycin resistant, and 69.4, 4.2, and 26.4% of these isolates harbored ermB, ermA, and mefA, respectively. Increasing resistance in France is mainly associated with a few emm type(More)
BACKGROUND 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) licensure was based on the immune response (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and opsonophagocytic assay) compared with PCV7. National surveillance program of pneumococcal nasopharyngeal (PNP) carriage in children with acute otitis media (AOM) was set up in 2001 when PCV7 was introduced in France(More)
Real-time streaming of audio-visual content over Internet Protocol (IP) based networks has enabled a wide range of multimedia applications. An Internet streaming solution has to provide real-time delivery and presentation of a continuous media content while compensating for the lack of Quality-of-Service (QoS) guarantees over the Internet. Due to the(More)
BACKGROUND Optimism and pessimism are positive and negative expectations linked with well-being in adults. Research on the importance of optimism and pessimism in children is limited by the lack of a developmentally appropriate measure of children's expectations. METHOD Based upon the Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994), the(More)
Purpose. To evaluate the concordance between HER2 gene amplification, determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and HER2 protein overexpression assessed by an immunohistochemical (IHC) assay. The IHC protocol used was a research assay, known as the Clinical Trial Assay (CTA), developed to select women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) for(More)
Serotype 19A Streptococcus pneumoniae strains are now more frequent in French children than before the introduction of a seven-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7). By applying multilocus sequence typing to 144 serotype 19A isolates collected before and after beginning PCV7 vaccination, we detected clonal expansion of the preexisting penicillin-intermediate(More)
BACKGROUND Penicillin resistance among pneumococci has increased in the past 15 years. The implementation of widespread vaccination with the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) and the reduction of inappropriate antibiotic use could help reduce antibiotic resistance. METHODS Between September 2001 and June 2004, 89 pediatricians distributed(More)