Robert Calaluce

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To identify new diagnostic markers and drug targets for pancreatic cancer, we compared the gene expression patterns of pancreatic cancer cell lines growing in tissue culture with those of normal pancreas using cDNA microarray analysis. Fluorescently (cyanine 5) labeled cDNA probes, made individually from mRNA samples of nine pancreatic cell lines, were each(More)
The discordance between steady-state levels of mRNAs and protein has been attributed to posttranscriptional control mechanisms affecting mRNA stability and translation. Traditional methods of genome wide microarray analysis, profiling steady-state levels of mRNA, may miss important mRNA targets owing to significant posttranscriptional gene regulation by RNA(More)
Adenocarcinomas of uncertain origin are a frequent problem for surgical pathologists. To determine the utility of immunostaining for cytokeratin 7 and cytokeratin 20 in the separation of pulmonary adenocarcinomas from colonic adenocarcinomas, we studied routinely processed, formalin-fixed tissue from 151 of these tumors using commercially available(More)
IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by activated Th17 cells and other immune cells. IL-17-producing Th17 cells are major contributors to chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. Although the transcriptional regulation of Th17 cells is well understood, the(More)
BACKGROUND Safe and efficient endoscopic closure of a colotomy is essential for transcolonic peritoneal access or endoscopic full-thickness resection of the colon, if open or laparoscopic surgery is to be avoided. OBJECTIVE To compare the feasibility and safety of colotomy closure with the newly developed Tissue Approximation System (TAS, Ethicon(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of two different sterilization protocols on the bacterial counts in the swine colon as preparation for natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) surgery. In this study, 16 swine were randomized to two different colonic sterilization protocols: low colonic irrigation using 300 ml of a 1:1 dilution of 10%(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Safe, reliable, and efficient endoscopic closure of a colotomy is paramount for endoscopic full thickness excision of the colon. Two newly developed devices, the Tissue Apposition System (TAS) and the InScope Multi-Clip Applier (IMCA), may help to achieve this. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of using each(More)
Expression of the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) and its receptor (uPAR) correlates with tumour cell invasiveness and helps to determine the prognosis of prostate and other cancers. The purpose of this study was to establish in prostate cancer, the ets family and AP-1 complex transcription factors that might activate the inducible AP-1 and AP-1/PEA3(More)
Interactions between RNA binding proteins (RBPs) and genes are not well understood, especially in regulation of angiogenesis. The RBP HuR binds to the AU-rich (ARE) regions of labile mRNAs, facilitating their translation into protein and has been hypothesized to be a tumor-maintenance gene. Elevated levels of cytoplasmic HuR directly correlate with(More)
The posttranscriptional mechanisms whereby RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) regulate T cell differentiation remain unclear. RBPs can coordinately regulate the expression of functionally related genes via binding to shared regulatory sequences, such as the adenylate-uridylate-rich elements (AREs) present in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of mRNA. The RBP HuR(More)