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The generation of phosphatidylinositide 3-phosphates has been observed in a variety of cellular responses. The enzymes that mediate synthesis are the phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-Ks) that form a family of structurally diverse enzymes with distinct substrate specificities. In this paper, we describe the cloning of a novel human PI3-K, namely PI3-K-C2(More)
PURPOSE Trastuzumab shows clinical activity in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-positive early and advanced breast cancer. In the German Breast Group 26/Breast International Group 03-05 trial, we investigated if trastuzumab treatment should be continued beyond progression. METHODS Patients with HER-2-positive breast cancer that progresses(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases have been characterized as enzymes involved in receptor signal transduction in mammalian cells and in a complex which mediates protein trafficking in yeast. PI 3-kinases linked to receptors with intrinsic or associated tyrosine kinase activity are heterodimeric proteins, consisting of p85 adaptor and p110 catalytic subunits,(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-kinases) are a ubiquitously expressed enzyme family that, through the generation of phospholipid second messengers, play a key role in the regulation of many cellular processes. These include motility, proliferation and survival, and carbohydrate metabolism. Members of the PI3-kinase family and related kinases, their(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are a family of lipid kinases that have been implicated in signal transduction through tyrosine kinase- and heterotrimeric G-protein-linked receptors. We report herein the cloning and characterization of p110delta, a novel class I PI3K. Like p110alpha and p110beta, other class I PI3Ks, p110delta displays a broad(More)
Normal human luminal and myoepithelial breast cells separately purified from a set of 10 reduction mammoplasties by using a double antibody magnetic affinity cell sorting and Dynabead immunomagnetic technique were used in two-dimensional gel proteome studies. A total of 43,302 proteins were detected across the 20 samples, and a master image for each cell(More)
PURPOSE Vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis are a potential complication of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To date, the incidence of vertebral fractures during ALL treatment has not been reported. PATIENT AND METHODS We prospectively evaluated 155 children with ALL during the first 12 months of leukemia therapy. Lateral thoracolumbar(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this article was to determine the incidence and predictors of vertebral fractures (VF) during the 4 years after diagnosis in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Children were enrolled within 30 days of chemotherapy initiation, with incident VF assessed annually on lateral spine radiographs according(More)
BACKGROUND The LIFE-Adult-Study is a population-based cohort study, which has recently completed the baseline examination of 10,000 randomly selected participants from Leipzig, a major city with 550,000 inhabitants in the east of Germany. It is the first study of this kind and size in an urban population in the eastern part of Germany. The study is(More)
Cells infected with prions contain both prion protein isoforms cellular prion protein (PrPC) and scrapie prion protein (PrPSc). PrPSc is formed posttranslationally through the pathological refolding of PrPC. In scrapie-infected ScN2a cells, the metabolism of both PrP isoforms involves cholesterol-dependent pathways. We show here that both PrPC and PrPSc are(More)