Robert C. Stein

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PURPOSE Trastuzumab shows clinical activity in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2)-positive early and advanced breast cancer. In the German Breast Group 26/Breast International Group 03-05 trial, we investigated if trastuzumab treatment should be continued beyond progression. METHODS Patients with HER-2-positive breast cancer that progresses(More)
The generation of phosphatidylinositide 3-phosphates has been observed in a variety of cellular responses. The enzymes that mediate synthesis are the phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-Ks) that form a family of structurally diverse enzymes with distinct substrate specificities. In this paper, we describe the cloning of a novel human PI3-K, namely PI3-K-C2(More)
Breast cancer remains a significant scientific, clinical and societal challenge. This gap analysis has reviewed and critically assessed enduring issues and new challenges emerging from recent research, and proposes strategies for translating solutions into practice. More than 100 internationally recognised specialist breast cancer scientists, clinicians and(More)
Phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases have been characterized as enzymes involved in receptor signal transduction in mammalian cells and in a complex which mediates protein trafficking in yeast. PI 3-kinases linked to receptors with intrinsic or associated tyrosine kinase activity are heterodimeric proteins, consisting of p85 adaptor and p110 catalytic subunits,(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are a family of lipid kinases that have been implicated in signal transduction through tyrosine kinase- and heterotrimeric G-protein-linked receptors. We report herein the cloning and characterization of p110delta, a novel class I PI3K. Like p110alpha and p110beta, other class I PI3Ks, p110delta displays a broad(More)
Normal human luminal and myoepithelial breast cells separately purified from a set of 10 reduction mammoplasties by using a double antibody magnetic affinity cell sorting and Dynabead immunomagnetic technique were used in two-dimensional gel proteome studies. A total of 43,302 proteins were detected across the 20 samples, and a master image for each cell(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-kinases) are a ubiquitously expressed enzyme family that, through the generation of phospholipid second messengers, play a key role in the regulation of many cellular processes. These include motility, proliferation and survival, and carbohydrate metabolism. Members of the PI3-kinase family and related kinases, their(More)
BACKGROUND Multi-parameter genomic tests identify patients with early-stage breast cancer who are likely to derive little benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. These tests can potentially spare patients the morbidity from unnecessary chemotherapy and reduce costs. However, the costs of the test must be balanced against the health benefits and cost savings(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-kinases) are a family of lipid kinases that have a key role in the regulation of many cellular processes including proliferation, survival, carbohydrate metabolism, and motility. There is now strong evidence that some members of the PI3-kinase family have an important role in cancer. Emerging evidence for functional(More)
The aromatase inhibitor, 4-hydroxyandrostenedione (4OHA) is an effective treatment for advanced post-menopausal breast cancer. The clinical and endocrine effects of 4OHA treatment were studied in five pre- and perimenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer. Serum oestradiol levels were not significantly reduced as a result of treatment with 500 mg of(More)