Robert C Schroter

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The mechanics of airflow in the human nasal airways is reviewed, drawing on the findings of experimental and computational model studies. Modelling inevitably requires simplifications and assumptions, particularly given the complexity of the nasal airways. The processes entailed in modelling the nasal airways (from defining the model, to its production and,(More)
Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a non-invasive technique useful for investigating autonomic function in both humans and animals. It has been used for research into both behaviour and physiology. Commercial systems for human HRV analysis are expensive and may not have sufficient flexibility for appropriate analysis in animals. Some heart rate(More)
A technique for the noninvasive measurement of heart rate in incubating penguins is described and evaluated. The technique uses an artificial egg fitted with an infrared sensor. Placing the egg in the nest causes minimal disturbance to the resident penguin; this penguin is then paint-marked so that subsequent measurements may be taken from the unmarked,(More)
INTRODUCTION Spontaneous electromyographic (EMG) activity in the soleus muscle of the rat varies with the changing gravitational force in parabolic flight, presumably in an appropriate way to resist the load. We investigated how decreased and increased gravitational force affects EMG in human back and arm muscles and to what extent the motor cortex is(More)
Heart rate and gait characteristics (stride length and frequency) were studied in 6 horses subjected to a standardised incremental exercise test, involving moving at the trot and increasing speeds up to a fast gallop and subsequently during the steeplechase phase of a 3-day-event. The studies were performed in hot conditions. Appropriate scaling, based on(More)
To investigate reflex vascular control in the nose, we challenged each side of the nose with 0.9% saline and histamine (0.3 mg aqueous) and observed changes in unilateral nasal airway resistance (Rnaw) and laser doppler flux (LDF) in response to contra-lateral and ipsilateral challenge in eight normal subjects. Preliminary studies demonstrated that the(More)
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