Robert C. Rizzo

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We report on the development and validation of a new version of DOCK. The algorithm has been rewritten in a modular format, which allows for easy implementation of new scoring functions, sampling methods and analysis tools. We validated the sampling algorithm with a test set of 114 protein-ligand complexes. Using an optimized parameter set, we are able to(More)
With an increasing interest in RNA therapeutics and for targeting RNA to treat disease, there is a need for the tools used in protein-based drug design, particularly DOCKing algorithms, to be extended or adapted for nucleic acids. Here, we have compiled a test set of RNA-ligand complexes to validate the ability of the DOCK suite of programs to successfully(More)
This manuscript presents the latest algorithmic and methodological developments to the structure-based design program DOCK 6.7 focused on an updated internal energy function, new anchor selection control, enhanced minimization options, a footprint similarity scoring function, a symmetry-corrected root-mean-square deviation algorithm, a database filter, and(More)
Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs), in particular FABP5 and FABP7, have recently been identified by us as intracellular transporters for the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA). Furthermore, animal studies by others have shown that elevated levels of endocannabinoids resulted in beneficial pharmacological effects on stress, pain and inflammation and also(More)
We report unrestrained, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations of HIV-1 protease that sample large conformational changes of the active site flaps. In particular, the unliganded protease undergoes multiple conversions between the "closed" and "semiopen" forms observed in crystal structures of inhibitor-bound and unliganded protease, respectively, including(More)
A targeted virtual screen to the N-helix hydrophobic pocket on HIVgp41 was performed using DOCK followed by re-ranking with a new footprint-based scoring function which employed native gp41 C-helix residues as a reference. Of ca. 500,000 small molecules screened, 115 were purchased, and 7 hits were identified with favorable binding (K(i)), cell-cell fusion(More)
The endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) is an antinociceptive lipid that is inactivated through cellular uptake and subsequent catabolism by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are intracellular carriers that deliver AEA and related N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) to FAAH for hydrolysis. The mammalian brain expresses three FABP(More)
We report unrestrained, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations of HIV-1 protease (HIV-PR) with a continuum solvent model that reproducibly sample closing of the active site flaps following manual placement of a cyclic urea inhibitor into the substrate binding site of the open protease. The open form was obtained from the unbound, semi-open HIV-PR crystal(More)
In conjunction with the recent American Chemical Society symposium titled "Docking and Scoring: A Review of Docking Programs" the performance of the DOCK6 program was evaluated through (1) pose reproduction and (2) database enrichment calculations on a common set of organizer-specified systems and datasets (ASTEX, DUD, WOMBAT). Representative baseline grid(More)
The dual kinase inhibitor lapatinib has a high affinity for EGFR and HER2 but a weak affinity for ErbB4, although the factors driving specificity for these highly homologous members of the ErbB family of receptor tyrosine kinases are not well understood. In this report, homology modeling, molecular dynamics simulations, and free energy calculations are(More)