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Newly synthesized vacuolar hydrolases such as carboxypeptidase Y (CPY) are sorted from the secretory pathway in the late-Golgi compartment and reach the vacuole after a distinct set of membrane-trafficking steps. Endocytosed proteins are also delivered to the vacuole. It has been proposed that these pathways converge at a "prevacuolar" step before delivery(More)
Membrane proteins that are degraded in the vacuole of Saccharomyces cerevisiae are sorted into discrete intralumenal vesicles, analogous to the internal membranes of multi-vesiculated bodies (MVBs). Recently, it has shown that the attachment of ubiquitin (Ub) mediates sorting into lumenal membranes. We describe a complex of Vps27p and Hse1p that localizes(More)
Over 45 VPS genes (vacuolar protein sorting) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae are necessary for the correct sorting and delivery of vacuolar hydrolases. Yeast strains carrying mutations in a subset of these VPS genes (class D vps mutants) are also defective in the segregation of vacuolar material into the developing daughter cell and are morphologically(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(3,5)P2), made by Fab1p, is essential for vesicle recycling from vacuole/lysosomal compartments and for protein sorting into multivesicular bodies. To isolate PtdIns(3,5)P2 effectors, we identified Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants that display fab1delta-like vacuole enlargement, one of which lacked the(More)
The insulin-regulatable glucose transporter (IRGT) is specifically expressed in muscle and fat cells and undergoes translocation from an intracellular compartment to the cell surface following acute insulin treatment. This study examined sorting differences between the IRGT and the homologous HepG2/erythrocyte/brain glucose transporter (HepG2 GT) when(More)
Vps4p (End13p) is an AAA-family ATPase that functions in membrane transport through endosomes, sorting of soluble vacuolar proteins to the vacuole, and multivesicular body (MVB) sorting of membrane proteins to the vacuole lumen. In a yeast two-hybrid screen with Vps4p as bait we isolated VPS20 (YMR077c) and the novel open reading frame YLR181c, for which(More)
Ubiquitin (Ub) attachment to cell surface proteins causes their lysosomal degradation by incorporating them into lumenal membranes of multivesicular bodies (MVBs). Two yeast endosomal protein complexes have been proposed as Ub-sorting "receptors," the Vps27-Hse1 complex and the ESCRT-I complex. We used NMR spectroscopy and mutagenesis studies to map the(More)
WD40-repeat β-propellers are found in a wide range of proteins involved in distinct biological activities. We define a large subset of WD40 β-propellers as a class of ubiquitin-binding domains. Using the β-propeller from Doa1/Ufd3 as a paradigm, we find the conserved top surface of the Doa1 β-propeller binds the hydrophobic patch of ubiquitin centered on(More)
The two major cellular sites for membrane protein degradation are the proteasome and the lysosome. Ubiquitin attachment is a sorting signal for both degradation routes. For lysosomal degradation, ubiquitination triggers the sorting of cargo proteins into the lumen of late endosomal multivesicular bodies (MVBs)/endosomes. MVB formation occurs when a portion(More)