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Polyketide synthases (PKSs) are multifunctional enzymes that catalyze the biosynthesis of a huge variety of carbon chains differing in their length and patterns of functionality and cyclization. Many polyketides are valuable therapeutic agents. A Streptomyces host-vector system has been developed for efficient construction and expression of recombinant(More)
Geldanamycin, a polyketide natural product, is of significant interest for development of new anticancer drugs that target the protein chaperone Hsp90. While the chemically reactive groups of geldanamycin have been exploited to make a number of synthetic analogs, including 17-allylamino-17-demethoxy geldanamycin (17-AAG), currently in clinical evaluation,(More)
Cassette replacement of acyltransferase (AT) domains in 6-deoxyerythronolide B synthase (DEBS) with heterologous AT domains with different substrate specificities usually yields the predicted polyketide analogues. As reported here, however, several AT replacements in module 4 of DEBS failed to produce detectable polyketide under standard conditions,(More)
The structures of complex polyketide natural products, such as erythromycin, are programmed by multifunctional polyketide synthases (PKSs) that contain modular arrangements of functional domains. The colinearity between the activities of modular PKS domains and structure of the polyketide product portends the generation of novel organic(More)
A putative catalytic triad consisting of tyrosine, serine, and lysine residues was identified in the ketoreductase (KR) domains of modular polyketide synthases (PKSs) based on homology modeling to the short chain dehydrogenase/reductase (SDR) superfamily of enzymes. This was tested by constructing point mutations for each of these three amino acid residues(More)
Polyketide natural products are a rich source of bioactive substances that have found considerable use in human health and agriculture. Their complex structures require that they be produced via fermentation processes. This review describes the strategies and challenges used to develop practical fermentation strains and processes for polyketide production.(More)
Development of natural products for therapeutic use is often hindered by limited availability of material from producing organisms. The speed at which current technologies enable the cloning, sequencing, and manipulation of secondary metabolite genes for production of novel compounds has made it impractical to optimize each new organism by conventional(More)
To identify the minimum set of polyketide synthase (PKS) components required for in vivo biosynthesis of aromatic polyketides, combinations of genes encoding subunits of three different aromatic PKSs--act from Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) (an actinorhodin producer), fren from Streptomyces roseofulvus (a frenolicin and nanaomycin producer), and tcm from(More)
Megalomicin is a therapeutically diverse compound which possesses antiparasitic, antiviral and antibacterial properties. It is produced by Micromonospora megalomicea and differs from the well-known macrolide antibiotic erythromycin by the addition of a unique deoxyamino sugar, megosamine, to the C-6 hydroxyl. We have cloned and sequenced a 48 kb segment of(More)
The gene cluster encoding the deoxyoleandolide polyketide synthase (OlePKS) was isolated from the oleandomycin producing strain Streptomnyces antibioticus. Sequencing of the first two genes encoding OlePKS, together with the previously identified third gene revealed an overall genetic and protein architecture similar to that of the erythromycin gene cluster(More)