Robert C. Lucas

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A new homodimer form of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), TGF-beta 2, has been identified in porcine blood platelets. TGF-beta 2 is homologous to ordinary TGF-beta (TGF-beta 1), which is also present in platelets. TGF-beta 1.2, a heterodimer containing one TGF-beta 1 chain and one TGF-beta 2 chain, has also been isolated. TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta 2(More)
Human blood platelets, which are highly motile cells essential for the maintenance of hemostasis, contain large quantities of actin and other contractile proteins. We have previously introduced a method (Lucas, R. C., T. C. Detwiler, and A. Stracher, J. Cell Biol., 1976, 70(2, Pt. 2):259 a) for the quantitative recovery of the platelets' cytoskeleton using(More)
Recombinant human transforming growth factor soluble receptor Type II (rhTGF-beta sRII) corresponding to the 159 amino acid extracellular domain of hTGF-beta RII has been expressed in insect cells using the baculovirus expression system or in a mouse myeloma cell line. N-terminal sequence analysis of the purified protein revealed the removal of the 23 amino(More)
We have characterized the interaction of homodimeric porcine transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) with affinity-purified human plasma fibronectin. Using a solid-phase binding assay, we have demonstrated that TGF-beta 1 binds to fibronectin immobilized on Immunlon ITM microtiter plates. TGF-beta 1 binding increased with time, reaching a plateau(More)
The three-dimensional solution structure of human transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) has been determined using multinuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and a hybrid distance geometry/ simulated annealing algorithm. It represents one of the first examples of a mammalian protein structure that has been solved by isotopic labeling of the(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) stimulates fibrosis. We studied its possible role as a bioactive substance for inducing localized chorioretinal wound healing along the edge of a retinal tear. The TGF-beta was applied to induced retinal tears that were examined histopathologically. One day after surgery, neither control nor TGF-beta-treated eyes(More)
Virtually complete backbone NMR signal assignments have been reported for transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) [Archer et al. (1993) Biochemistry (preceding paper in this issue)]. Herein we report the secondary structure of the protein in solution on the basis of these assignments and proton NOE's observed in a variety of 2D and 3D heteronuclear(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with Parkinson's disease are at increased risk for falls and associated hip fractures as a result of tremor, bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability. The available literature is limited and conflicting regarding the optimal surgical treatment and risk for postoperative complications and mortality in this unique patient(More)
Transient transfection of simian COS cells with a recombinant plasmid encoding the human transforming growth factor TGF-beta 2 precursor protein results in the production of a latent, biologically inactive protein. Upon acidification, recombinant TGF-beta 2 exhibits full biological activity, including inhibition of mink lung epithelial cell growth,(More)
The transforming growth factor beta s are a homologous family of multifunctional cytokines that regulate cell growth and differentiation. As a prelude to studies of the solution structure and dynamics of TGF-beta 1, we report virtually complete assignment of 1H and 15N resonances for this 25-kDa homodimeric protein. Recombinant TGF-beta 1 was expressed in(More)