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In order to increase the concentration of the nutritionally essential sulphur amino acids in seed protein, a transgene encoding a methionine- and cysteine-rich protein, sunflower seed albumin (SSA), was transferred to chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L). Transgenic seeds that accumulated SSA contained more methionine and less oxidized sulphur than the controls,(More)
Wetlands are prone to increased invasion by plant species following changes in hydrologic regime, leading to shifts in plant community composition and potentially ecosystem function and health. In this paper, the ecology and potential control of Juncus ingens, a native wetland plant in the Murray-Darling Basin of south-eastern Australia, is investigated. J.(More)
The natural flow regimes of rivers underpin the health and function of floodplain ecosystems. However, infrastructure development and the over-extraction of water has led to the alteration of natural flow regimes, resulting in the degradation of river and floodplain habitats globally. In many catchments, including Australia's Murray-Darling Basin,(More)
A general prediction of ecological theory is that climate change will favor invasive nonindigenous plant species (NIPS) over native species. However, the relative fitness advantage enjoyed by NIPS is often affected by resource limitation and potentially by extreme climatic events such as drought. Genetic constraints may also limit the ability of NIPS to(More)
An important characteristic of many wetland plants in semi-arid regions is their capacity to withstand fluctuations between extended dry phases and floods. However, anthropogenic river regulation can reduce natural flow variability in riverine wetlands, causing a decline in the frequency and duration of deep flooding as well as extended droughts, and an(More)
Predicting the magnitude of enemy release in host-pathogen systems after introduction of novel disease resistance genes has become a central problem in ecology. Here, we develop a general quantitative framework for predicting changes in realized niche size and intrinsic population growth rate after introgression of disease resistance genes into wild host(More)
Increasingly, pathogen-resistant (PR) plants are being developed to reduce the agricultural impacts of disease. However PR plants also have the potential to result in increased invasiveness of nontarget host populations and so pose a potential threat to nontarget ecosystems. In this paper we use a new framework to investigate geographical variation in the(More)
We examined adaptive clinal variation in seed mass among populations of an invasive annual species, Echium plantagineum, in response to climatic selection. We collected seeds from 34 field populations from a 1,000 km long temperature and rainfall gradient across the species' introduced range in south-eastern Australia. Seeds were germinated, grown to(More)
We examined the importance of the dwarf mistletoe Arceuthobiumamericanum in determining the size-class structure ofPinuscontorta var. murrayana forests in the centralOregon pumice zone. We considered the interrelationships among A.americanum abundance, P. contorta populationstructure, soil type, site topography, the density of competing tree and(More)
Australian vegetation, much like that on other continents, is characterised by evergreen forests in humid climates, savannas in the seasonal tropics, desert shrublands and grasslands in arid climates, and wetland vegetation where water accumulates. While continental plant diversity is intermediate on a global scale, Australian vegetation is characterised by(More)