Robert C. Garber

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A novel strategy was used to develop a transformation system for the plant pathogenic fungus Cochliobolus heterostrophus. Sequences capable of driving the expression of a gene conferring resistance to the antibiotic hygromycin B in C. heterostrophus were selected from a library of genomic DNA fragments and used, with the selectable marker, as the basis for(More)
A general procedure for purifying and efficiently separating four types of DNA from filamentous fungi has been developed. The protocol involves (i) disruption of mycelial cells by blending in liquid nitrogen followed by suspension of cell contents in buffer containing high concentrations of protease and EDTA; (ii) deproteinization with phenol; (iii) cesium(More)
The genes encoding the 17S, 5.8S and 25S ribosomal RNAs in the Ascomycete Cochliobolus heterostrophus were cloned and analyzed. They are arranged in tandemly repeated units (rDNA) either 9.0 or 9.15 kilobases in length, depending upon the strain. The 5S rRNA genes are not part of the tandemly repeated rDNA. Instead, many and perhaps all of the 5S genes are(More)
Cochliobolus heterostrophus protoplasts transformed with a plasmid carrying the Aspergillus nidulans amdS gene (Hynes et al. 1983) gave rise to colonies on a selective medium that did not support significant growth of wild type cells. The plasmid integrated at a single chromosomal locus in each transformant analyzed and the site of integration differed(More)
A gene (TRP1) in the tryptophan biosynthetic pathway of the fungal plant pathogen Cochliobolus heterostrophus was isolated by complementation of an Escherichia coli trpF mutant which lacked phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase (PRAI) activity. The cloned gene also complemented an E. coli trpC mutant lacking indoleglycerolphosphate synthase (IGPS) activity,(More)
Mitosis was examined in plasmodia of Plasmodiophora brassicae within artifically inoculated cabbage roots, using light- and electron microscopy. Mitotic nuclear divisions are characterized by a persistent nucleolus, bipolar centrioles paired end-to-end, densely staining chromatin, and a complex array of membranes that surround and ramify through the(More)
The mitochondrial chromosome of Cochliobolus heterostrophus is a circle approximately 115 kb in circumference, among the largest known from fungi. A physical map of C. heterostrophus mtDNA was constructed using the restriction enzymes BamHI, EcoRI, and PvulI by DNA-DNA hybridizations with cloned or purified mtDNA BamHI fragments. The following sequences(More)
During the leaf movements of Albizzia julibrissin Durazzini, volume changes in the motor cells of the pulvinule (tertiary pulvinus) are closely correlated with a reversible reorganization of the vacuolar compartment. Motor cells have central vacuoles when expanded, but become multivacuolate during the time the cell volume decreases. The central vacuole(More)
Turgor-mediated leaf movements of the legume Samanea saman are associated with the migration of K(+) and Cl(-) between opposing sides of the motor organs (pulvini). We have investigated the pathway of this ion migration by localizing K(+) and Cl(-) within the secondary pulvinus at various times during leaf movements. Ion distributions in freeze-dried(More)