Robert C. Fellner

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The intestine and kidney are linked by a mechanism that increases salt excretion in response to salt intake. The peptide uroguanylin (UGn) is thought to mediate this signaling axis. Therefore, it was surprising to find (as reported in a companion publication) that UGn is stored in the intestine and circulates in the plasma almost exclusively in the form of(More)
Orally delivered salt stimulates renal salt excretion more effectively than does iv delivered salt. Although the mechanisms that underlie this "postprandial natriuresis" are poorly understood, the peptide uroguanylin (UGn) is thought to be a key mediator. However, the lack of selective assays for UGn gene products has hindered rigorous testing of this(More)
The peptide uroguanylin (Ugn) regulates enteric and renal electrolyte transport. Previous studies have shown that Ugn and its receptor GC-C (a ligand-activated guanylate cyclase) are abundant in the intestine. Less is known about Ugn and GC-C expression in the kidney. Here, we identify a 9.4-kDa polypeptide in rat kidney extracts that appears, based on its(More)
The peptide uroguanylin (Ugn) is stored and released as a propeptide (proUgn) by enterochromaffin cells in the intestine, and converted to Ugn and other metabolites in the renal tubules. Both proUgn and Ugn are natriuretic, although the response to proUgn is thought to depend on its conversion to Ugn within nephrons. To assess the efficiency of intrarenal(More)
High dietary salt is common in Western countries and is an important contributor to increased cardiovascular disease. Autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is an essential function of the renal microcirculation that could be affected by excessive dietary salt. High salt (HS) increases renal ROS generation partly by(More)
Autoregulation of renal blood flow (RBF) is an essential function of the renal microcirculation that has been previously shown to be blunted by excessive dietary salt. Endogenous endothelin 1 (ET-1) is increased following a high-salt (HS) diet and contributes to the control of RBF but the differential effects of ET-1 on renal microvessel autoregulation in(More)
Autoregulation of renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate is an essential function of the renal microcirculation. While the existence of this phenomenon has been known for many years, the exact mechanisms that underlie this regulatory system remain poorly understood. The work of many investigators has provided insights into many aspects of the(More)
The peptide uroguanylin (Ugn) is expressed at significant levels only in intestine and kidney, and is stored in both tissues primarily (perhaps exclusively) as intact prouroguanylin (proUgn). Intravascular infusion of either Ugn or proUgn evokes well-characterized natriuretic responses in rodents. Furthermore, Ugn knockout mice display hypertension and salt(More)
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