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Previous cross-sectional MRI studies based on region-of-interest analyses have shown that increased cerebral atrophy is a feature of both Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Relative preservation of the hippocampus and temporal lobe structures in DLB compared to AD has been reported in region-of-interest-based studies. Recently,(More)
The authors determined rates of brain atrophy, as assessed by the boundary shift integral on serial MRI, in patients with dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB, n = 10), AD (n = 9), vascular dementia (VaD, n = 9), and age-matched controls (n = 20). Mean % +/- SD atrophy rates per year were as follows: DLB, 1.4 +/- 1.1; AD, 2.0 +/- 0.9; VaD, 1.9 +/- 1.1; and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare global and regional atrophy on MRI in subjects with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), AD, vascular dementia (VaD), and normal aging. In addition, the relationship between APOE-epsilon4 genotype and volumetric indices was examined. METHOD MRI-based volume measurements of the whole-brain, ventricles, frontal lobe, temporal lobe,(More)
Exposure to elements in groundwater (toxic or beneficial) is commonplace yet, outside of lead and mercury, little research has examined the impact of many commonly occurring environmental exposures on mental abilities during the aging process. Inorganic arsenic is a known neurotoxin that has both neurodevelopmental and neurocognitive consequences. The aim(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA) on MRI is less frequent in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) compared with AD and vascular dementia (VaD), and to determine the diagnostic utility of MTA in the differential diagnosis of dementia. METHOD Coronal T1-weighted 1.0-T MR images were acquired in patients with DLB (consensus(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize the clinical, pathological, imaging and treatment aspects of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). METHOD Review of literature (MEDLINE). RESULTS DLB is the second most common form of degenerative dementia, accounting for up to 20% of cases in the elderly. It is characterized by fluctuating cognitive impairment, spontaneous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To provide further insight into the MRI assessment of age-related white matter changes (ARWMCs) with visual rating scales, 3 raters with different levels of experience tested the interrater agreement and comparability of 3 widely used rating scales in a cross-sectional and follow-up setting. Furthermore, the correlation between visual(More)
BACKGROUND Signal hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are increased in major depression but their pathological basis has never been assessed. We carried out a study of the neuropathological basis of periventricular hyperintensities (PVHs) in major depression. We hypothesised that different pathologies would be associated with the same MRI(More)
White matter lesions (WML), a common feature in brain ageing, are classified as periventricular (PVL) or deep subcortical (DSCL), depending on their anatomical location. Microglial activation is implicated in a number of neurodegenerative diseases, but the microglial response in WML is poorly characterized and its role in pathogenesis unknown. We have(More)
The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), brain atrophy and ventricular dilation in late-life dementias. T(1)-weighted, T(2)-weighted, and proton density MRI scans were acquired in subjects with Alzheimer's disease (AD, N=25) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB, N=27). Total brain(More)